Sebagaimana kita semua tahu, semua ubat gigi mengandungi fluoride iaitu suatu bahan kimia pemutih gigi dan pencegah gigi berlubang yang sangat toksik dan memberi kesan buruk kepada kesihatan kita, seperti menganggu sistem enzim, merosakkan sistem pertahanan badan, meningkatkan arthritis, dsb. Dari segi toksiknya, fluoride lebih bahaya daripada plumbum (lead) dan hanya kurang sedikit daripada arsenik, dan dalam tempoh jangka panjang ia berkumpul dalam tulang kita.
Sedikit fakta asas tentang ketoksikan fluoride seperti di bawah ini…
The Dangers of Fluoride and Fluoridation
by Michael Schachter M.D., F.A.C.A.M.
Approximately half of the United States’ drinking water supply is fluoridated in an attempt to reduce dental cavities in children. Is this state of affairs justified? Is it safe?
Most Americans are unaware of the dangers of ingesting fluoride. Most dentists, physicians and scientists are unaware of the dangers of fluoride and water fluoridation. According to a 1988 article in the prestigious Chemical and Engineering News, scientific voices of opposition to fluoridation have been suppressed, since 1950 when the U.S. Public Health Service first endorsed fluoridation. Power tactics including threats, ridicule and frank censorship aimed at scientists and clinicians knowledgeable about fluoridation have prevented the truth about fluoride to be disseminated to the science world as well as to the public. Whenever a public agency is charged with objectively evaluating the safety of a procedure while at the same time endorsing and recommending it, a serious conflict of interest is set up. This is exactly the position of the U.S. Public Health Service for the past 44 years.
Facts About Fluoride
So, what are some of the facts about fluoride? According to the handbook, Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products, fluoride is more poisonous than lead and just slightly less poisonous than arsenic. It is a cumulative poison that accumulates in bone over the years. According to the Physicians Desk Reference, “in hypersensitive individuals, fluorides occasionally cause skin eruptions such as atopic dermatitis, eczema, or urticaria. Gastric distress, headache, and weakness have also been reported. These hypersensitive reactions usually disappear promptly after discontinuation of the fluoride.”
From 1990 to 1992, the Journal of the American Medical Association published three separate articles linking increased hip fracture rates to fluoride in the water. In the March 22, 1990 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, Mayo Clinic researchers reported that fluoride treatment of osteoporosis increased hip fracture rate and bone fragility.
A study by Procter and Gamble showed that as little as half the amount of fluoride used to fluoridate public water supplies resulted in a sizable and significant increase in genetic damage. Epidemiology research in the mid-1970’s by the late Dr. Dean Burk, head of the cytochemistry division of the National Cancer Institute, indicated that 10,000 or more fluoridation-linked cancer deaths occur yearly in the United States. In 1989, the ability of fluoride to transform normal cells into cancer cells was confirmed by Argonne National Laboratories. Results released in 1989 of studies carried out at the prestigious Batelle Research Institute showed that fluoride was linked to a rare form of liver cancer in mice, oral tumors and cancers in rats, and bone cancer in male rats. Since 1991, the New Jersey Department of Health found that the incidence of osteosarcoma, a type of bone cancer, was far higher in young men exposed to fluoridated water as compared to those who were not.
In addition to the well documented toxic effects of fluoride, fluoride even at dosages of 1 part per million, found in artificially fluoridated water, can inhibit enzyme systems, damage the immune system, contribute to calcification of soft tissues, worsen arthritis and, of course, cause dental fluorosis in children. These are unsightly white, yellow or brown spots that are found in teeth exposed to fluoride during childhood. In 1993, the Subcommittee on Health Effects of Ingested Fluoride of the National Research Council admitted that 8% to 51% and sometimes up to 80% of the children living in fluoridated areas have dental fluorosis. Malnourished people, particularly children, usually targeted for fluoridation, are at greater risks to experience fluoride’s harmful effects.
Surprisingly, the most recent studies do not even show that water fluoridation is effective in reducing tooth decay. In the largest U.S. study of fluoridation and tooth decay, United States Public Health Service dental records of over 39,000 school children, ages 5-17, from 84 areas around the United States showed that the number of decayed, missing, and filled teeth per child was virtually the same in fluoridated and non-fluoridated areas. Dr. John Colquhoun, former Chief Dental Officer of the Department of Health for Auckland, New Zealand, investigated tooth decay statistics from about 60,000 12 to 13 year old children and showed that fluoridation had no significant effect on tooth decay rate.
Given all of this scientific information, what is behind this push for universal fluoridation? Prior to 1945, fluoride was properly regarded as an environmental pollutant. It was responsible for many lawsuits against industries, such as the aluminum industry and the phosphate fertilizer industry, whose waste products contain large quantities of fluoride. This fluoride destroyed crops and animals, leading to the lawsuits. The limited public view was that fluoride was an environmental pollutant that needed to be reduced or eliminated from the environment.
As a result of clever public relations campaigns, fluoride was transformed from an environmental pollutant to an essential nutrient necessary for producing healthy teeth. The science was poor, but the P.R. campaign was great. Being against fluoride was like being against motherhood or apple pie. Industries not only made millions from selling this environmental pollutant to water companies and toothpaste companies, but more importantly, it saved billions of dollars that would be required to clean up this environmental pollutant.
So, what can you do to protect yourself from fluoride?
First, avoid fluoridated water. Much of the metropolitan area, including New York City water is artificially fluoridated. Boiling water removes chlorine, but concentrates fluoride. Water filters do not remove fluoride, unless there is a reverse osmosis component. Children should avoid fluoridated vitamins and fluoride treatments at the dentist. Everyone should avoid fluoridated toothpaste. The concentration of fluoride in water is 1 ppm, in toothpaste 1,000 ppm and in fluoride dental rinses 10,000 ppm. Work on your legislators to get fluoride out of the water supplies.
Oleh itu, untuk mengelakkan kita tertelan fluoride setiap hari melalui ubat gigi, kenapa tidak kita berubah kepada ubat gigi yang dibuat secara semulajadi. Walaupun agak remeh, kerana perlu disediakan sendiri, tetapi berbaloi kepada orang yang sangat prihatin menjaga kesihatan masing-masing. Orang-orang dulu menggunakan arang yang ditumbuk halus untuk memutihkan gigi, sebelum ada ubat gigi (paste) seperti sekarang ini.
Terdapat 10 cara untuk memutihkan gigi secara semulajadi yang boleh diamalkan oleh sesiapa yang tidak mahu menggunakan ubat gigi yang mengandungi fluoride, seperti di bawah ini….
10 Natural Ways to Get (or Fake) Whiter Teeth
Get a brighter smile with these chemical-free tricks
By Amanda Greene Posted April 27, 2010 from WomansDay.com
When it comes to saying “cheese,” do you suddenly find yourself tight-lipped? Yellow teeth—whether they’re from too much coffee, smoking or just bad genetics—can feel like a serious beauty setback. But you’re not alone: There are tons of whitening products on the market now, from creams to gels to miniature capsules, all devoted to teeth bleaching. If applying peroxides and other chemicals seems a bit too harsh, though, don’t worry. There are plenty of other natural ways to score a gleaming grin. Check out these 10 ideas to help make your smile appear brighter, au naturel.
1. All-Natural Formula
Combine 1/2 tsp baking soda with ½ tsp table salt to make a teeth cleanser, says Dorie Byers, author of Natural Beauty Basics. Add one drop of breath-freshening peppermint essential oil to the mixture. Wet your toothbrush, then dip it into the mixture and brush. The particles in the baking soda polish the surface of your teeth, while a chemical reaction with the water lightens stains. To avoid damaging your enamel, don’t use this method more than once a week.
2. Teeth-Saving Snacks
“Snack on saliva-producing foods like apples, pears, strawberries, celery and carrots,” says Thomas Connelly, DDS, a New York City cosmetic dentist. The additional saliva they produce helps remove bacteria from your mouth and whiten your teeth.
3. Mineral Magic
According to Byers, kaolin clay delivers a gentle abrasive action to teeth and can be used as a natural whitening agent. For breath freshening, a drop of peppermint or clove essential oil can be added. Dampen your toothbrush and dip it into the mixture, then brush. To avoid damaging your enamel, don’t use this method more than once a week.
4. The Wonders of Water
“Swish water in your mouth for 30 seconds right after eating,” says Dr. Connelly. “It will help prevent the food you just ate from staining your teeth.”
5. Creamy Goodness
Dr. Connelly also recommends adding a splash of cream or milk to black coffee or tea—it changes the chemistry of the beverage, which makes it much more difficult for stains to adhere to the tooth’s surface.
6. Think Outside of the Tube
Try a brightening toothpaste that uses all-natural ingredients. Dental hygienist and manager of Tom’s of Maine’s Oral Care Division Susanne Kuehl recommends Tom’s of Maine Simply White toothpaste, which removes stains with sodium fluoride (sourced from fluorspar, an ore) and silica (purified from the earth). You won’t find any chemical thickeners in Tom’s products: They use seaweed instead.
7. Organic Option
Another smart pick for an all-natural toothpaste—and a favorite of Dr. Connelly’s––is Miessence Organic Mint Toothpaste. It uses bicarb soda, a mineral component, to brighten your teeth, and spearmint, peppermint and cinnamon to freshen breath.
8. Another Reason to Eat Your Greens
Load up on spinach and other dark green veggies, like broccoli and kale. These leafy greens contain a mineral compound which produces a film that covers teeth and protects against stains.
9. Pass On the Pop
Avoid soda, which contains acids––like phosphoric, citric, malic and tartaric acids––that can strip your teeth’s enamel. If you have to indulge once in a while, use a straw. It’ll help keep your teeth stain-free.
10. Lipstick Trick
Kuehl recommends this quick trick to fake whiter teeth: Wear a blue-tinted lipstick; the cool undertones will make teeth gleam in comparison. We like CoverGirl Wetslicks Amazemint glosses: They were designed for this very purpose, plus they contain breath-freshening peppermint oil.