Rambut gugur setiap hari adalah perkara biasa dan normal bagi setiap orang, tetapi kalau jumlah rambut yang gugur itu melebihi kebiasaan, itulah yang menjadi masalah hingga akhirnya rambut semakin menipis dan akhrnya botak terus.
Untuk mengelakkan rambut gugur dengan banyaknya, mari kita fokuskan dahulu kepada sebab-sebab terjadinya rambut gugur berlebihan ini sebelum dilakukan sesuatu rawatan atau pembaikan. Selagi sebab terjadinya tidak diketahui atau diabaikan, selagi itulah masalah keguguran rambut ini akan berulang dan tidak akan selesai….
Hair Loss – Cause
Excessive hair loss (more than 100 hairs a day) can be caused by inherited factors, disease, stress, medicines, injury, aging, or hair care.
Inherited hair loss
The most common cause of hair loss is genetics-you inherit the tendency to lose hair from either or both of your parents. This is called male-pattern hair loss or female-pattern hair loss. The medical term for this type of hair loss is androgenetic alopecia.
In this type of hair loss, your genes affect how your hair grows. They trigger a sensitivity to a class of hormones called androgens, including testosterone, which causes hair follicles (which hair grows from) to shrink. Shrinking follicles produce thinner hair and eventually none at all. Men generally develop bald spots on the forehead area or on the top of the head, while women have an overall thinning of the hair throughout the scalp. About half of all people have inherited hair loss by about 50 years of age.2, 1
Other causes of hair loss
Common causes of hair loss include:
* Ringworm of the scalp, which is common in children.
* Mental stress or physical stress, such as recent surgery, illness, or high fever. You may have a lot of hair loss 4 weeks to 3 months after severe physical or emotional stress. Your hair usually will grow back within a few months.
* Hair care. Pulling your hair back too tightly or wearing tight braids or ponytails can cause hair loss. You may lose hair around the edge of the hairline, especially around the face and forehead. Using curling irons or dyes continually can also result in hair loss. Hair usually grows back when these activities are stopped.
* Age. As you age, your hairs tend to break more easily, and hair follicles do not grow as much hair.
* Poor nutrition, especially lack of protein or iron in the diet. Hair returns after you change your diet to get enough of these nutrients.
* Thyroid diseases including hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
Other causes of hair loss include:
* Alopecia areata, an autoimmune disease in which your immune system attacks hair follicles, resulting in obvious, round hairless patches on any area of the scalp or body. Severe cases involve many bald patches of hair or complete loss of hair on the scalp or body, although in some cases there is hair thinning without distinct patches of baldness. Hair usually grows back within 1 year without treatment, but 10% of people with the condition may never regrow their hair.
* Diseases, such as lupus, syphilis, or cancer. Hair may grow back on its own, although you may also need treatment.
* Side effects of medicines or medical treatments, such as blood thinners (anticoagulants) or chemotherapy. Hair usually grows back after you stop using the medicines or when the treatment is over.
* Trichotillomania, a compulsive behavior in which a person pulls hair out of the scalp, eyelashes, or eyebrows. There is usually mounting tension before pulling and a feeling of relief afterward. Trichotillomania often results in noticeable hair loss.
* Injury to the scalp including scarring. Injuries can damage hair follicles and cause hair loss.
* Changes in hormone levels. Childbirth, taking birth control pills, or changes in a woman’s menstrual cycle can affect the hair growth cycle and cause hair loss. Hair usually will grow back.
Hair loss can be categorized by types. Different types of hair loss may have different causes. For example, one type of hair loss known as telogen effluvium is caused by stress and side effects of medicines. Another hair loss type, traction alopecia, is caused by hair care.
Berikut dipaparkan beberapa petua untuk menjaga dan mengatasi masalah wanita yang rambutnya semakin menipis……
Caring for Your Thinning Hair
Shampoo, styling, and hair care tips for women with thinning hair.
By Tammy Worth
Reviewed by Laura J. Martin, MD
Michele Rosenthal of Palm Beach Gardens, Fla., has tried every styling trick in the book to make her hair look thicker. She’s grown bangs to provide the illusion of more hair in the front and uses wide headbands to make it look fuller in the back.
She is self-conscious about her hair and over the years it has affected her. On dates, when a man would ask her to let her hair down, she often found herself exclaiming, “Don’t touch the headband!”
Rosenthal has dealt with thinning hair since the age of 21, after a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). At 42, she has recovered from PTSD, but her hair is still thin – and at times it still bothers her.
“It makes you feel frustrated and powerless and pathetic,” Rosenthal tells WebMD. “There is no explanation, nothing wrong with me, but I looked like I was 80. You feel like you are not being represented by your body as the person you are in your mind.”
There are various medical treatments that can cure or improve hair loss like Rosenthal’s. But, like her, many women prefer not to take medication or have hair transplants.
Luckily, there are a wide range of cosmetic options that can help the situation and make women feel more comfortable with their appearance.
Rosenthal is not alone in her struggle. Female pattern hair loss, or alopecia, impacts about 30 million American women, according to the American Academy of Dermatology.
Amy McMichael, MD, has a hair disorders clinic that she runs one day a week at her practice at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, N.C. She often has a 10-month waiting list and said, if she chose, she could fill her practice with these patients.
“There is a huge demand by women to get consultations,” McMichael says. “I think female pattern hair loss is one of the most common things I see in women from the early 40s on up.”
People typically shed 110-150 hairs per day. That’s normal.
Beyond that, hair loss in women can occur at any time, but often begins after menopause. It is most often due to hormonal changes and genetics (either side of the family). But it can also occur after pregnancy, because of stress to the body like trauma or surgery, when there are hormone abnormalities like excessive testosterone or a thyroid deficiency, or simply from too much hair breakage. If it is not treated, in some cases it may be permanent.
While hormones and genetics are often the cause of hair loss, dermatologist Victoria Barbosa, MD, of Millennium Park Dermatology in Chicago, says it’s a good idea to check with a dermatologist to make sure it is not a sign of some other problem like an autoimmune, thyroid, or scalp disease.
McMichael, a consultant for Johnson & Johnson (the makers of Rogaine), tells WebMD that women typically don’t experience hair loss all at once. It frequently occurs over time. There is usually thinning around the crown and at the sides and some gradual, increased shedding. The hair’s part begins to widen, a ponytail has less volume, and the scalp may start to show through the hair.
“Some people start in their 30s and some in their 60s,” she says. “It happens over time. It is slow, and then one day, it starts to bother you.”
Shampoo, Cosmetic Concealers, and Other Products
One of the first steps to improving the look of thinning hair is to experiment with styling products.
Most women start with shampoo, and volumizing products do a good job of giving the appearance of fuller hair, Barbosa says. She tells WebMD that there are too many ingredients to list, but looking for one with some sort of protein is a good place to start. Kutcher recommends looking for words like “body,” “volume,” “texture” or “thickness.”
It is also a good idea to avoid products with a lot of moisture, which only weighs the hair down. Barbosa recommends focusing conditioner on the ends of the hair, not at the roots. Shampoo and conditioners combined often have too much moisture.
“I think that, for a lot of women, there is unfortunately a lot of trial and error involved (in finding the right products),” says Barbosa, who used to work for L’Oreal. “I would also say that women should not expect superior results just from a shampoo system alone – it’s like step one and best for people with little loss.”
A second group of products are mousses, gels, and sprays. Kutcher says mousses and sprays are the best bet because they tend to add texture, but are lighter than gels.
Two other options are cosmetic enhancements — powder and scalp concealer.
The powder made up of keratin fibers that matches one’s hair color and is sprinkled on the hair and scalp. The products (such as HairMax Hair Fibers, Super Million Hair Enhancement Fibres, Toppik Hair Building Fibers, and XFusion Keratin Hair Fibers) adhere by static electricity and create volume.
Another option is a scalp concealer, a loose powder that is close to the color of the hair, that is applied directly to the scalp. It works to reduce the visibility of skin under thinning hair. These products can’t always be found in drug stores, but are readily available online.
There are also some styling tips that can be performed in a salon or at home, that can thicken and bulk up the hair’s texture.
One is a good haircut. Although many women may be tempted to grow their hair out to have more of it, they should keep it relatively short, so it weighs less, says Kristopher Kutcher, owner of Kristopher’s Hair Studio, Inc. in Quincy, Ill. If it’s not too thin, layers can also give lift, he says.
When done well, chemical treatments won’t damage the hair and can also help add texture, Kutcher says. Perms change the hair’s physical texture and make each strand fuller.
“It is all about taking that hair strand and bulking it up or causing the cuticle to swell or be rougher to add texture,” he says.
Coloring products swell the cuticles and add more texture while leaving the hair’s integrity, Kutcher says. A combination of highlights and lowlights can create contour and the illusion of texture. Demi-permanent colors can also be good for thin hair. Kutcher says those products work like a shellac on wood – they coat the strands and build up over several applications, adding thickness.
At home, women can do their best to keep hair healthy and reduce breakage. Kutcher recommends letting it dry naturally after washing, using a mousse, thermal protectant, and drying just briefly on medium heat while brushing with a round boar’s hair brush.
When using any kind of heated styling appliance, don’t let it get intensely hot, Barbosa says. Use the lowest heat possible and never use curling or flat irons on wet hair.
Aside from her cherished headbands, Rosenthal uses small clips to gather her hair in sections, to make it look fuller. She uses “granny clips” to make pin curls at night or braids it before bed so it has more volume the next day.
Rosenthal used to worry that she would be bald by the time she was 50. Although she has moved beyond awkward dating moments (she has a partner now who loves her hair), she is still self-conscious.
And though she has essentially made peace with her hair loss, she still seeks ways to make it look as good as she can.
“I’m not a vain person, so I hate that it bothers me,” Rosenthal says. “I looked at extensions and wigs, but I try to do the things that help me stay most true to myself and at the same time help make me feel better about how I look.”
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Women’s Hair Loss and Hair Restoration
Since hair restoration surgery is a good option for nearly 90% of the balding men in the country, women think they will also make good candidates, but this is usually not the case.
Very few women have the type of hair loss that make them good candidates. Most women have diffuse hair loss instead, an overall thinning in all areas of the head, including the sides and back, which are the areas that act as donor sites in men. It is from these sites that the hair is removed for hair transplantation to other areas of the head.
In men, the donor sites are called stable sites, which means that the hair and follicles in those areas are not affected by the dihydrotestosterone (DHT) that shrinks follicles elsewhere on the head. This is the situation in those with androgenetic alopecia, or what’s commonly called male pattern baldness.
In female pattern baldness, however, these donor areas are usually unstable. They are thinning, just like the other areas of the head. The donor areas in women are affected by follicle-killing DHT. That means that if you remove hair and accompanying follicles from these donor areas in women and transplant them to other areas, it’s just going to fall out. Any doctor who would attempt to transplant hair from an unstable donor site is potentially unethical and may just be trying to take economic advantage of the patient.
Another difference between male and female pattern baldness is the frontal hairline. Unlike men, women with hair loss tend to keep their frontal hairline. They don’t have to worry about needing a hair transplant to frame their face and are instead more concerned about the loss of volume from the top and back. Hair transplants, though, don’t do much to increase volume. It just moves hair from one place to another.
Which Women Are Good Candidates for Hair Transplant?
According to experts a very small percentage of women are candidates for hair transplant surgery. About 2% to 5% of women with hair loss will benefit from this type of procedure. They are:
* Women who have suffered hair loss due to mechanical or traction alopecia (nonhormonal).
* Women who have had previous cosmetic or plastic surgery and are concerned about hair loss around the incision sites.
* Women who have a distinct pattern of baldness, similar to that of male pattern baldness. This includes hairline recession, vertex thinning (on the crown or top of the scalp), and a donor area that is not affected by androgenetic alopecia.
* Women who suffer hair loss due to trauma, including burn victims, scarring from accidents, and chemical burns.
* Women with alopecia marginalis, a condition that looks very similar to traction alopecia.
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Diet and Healthy Hair
A healthy diet can help your hair stay strong and lustrous. Your diet can also prevent hair loss. In fact, very specific nutritional deficiencies can affect your hair.
Essential fatty acids – especially omega-3 fatty acids — play a key role in skin, hair, and nails. You should eat some of these foods, which are rich in omega-3, every day:
* Salmon, tuna, mackerel, and other fatty fish
* Flaxseed oil
* Walnuts and almonds
Vitamins B-6, B-12, and folic acid are also important to your hair. Vegetarians and vegans often don’t get enough of these vitamins.
Good sources of vitamin B-6 include bananas, potatoes (both white and sweet), and spinach.
Eating plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables — especially citrus fruits and tomatoes — will help you get folic acid. Whole grain and fortified grain products, beans, and lentils also contain folic acid. Major sources of B-12 include meat, poultry, fish, and dairy products.
Protein is also critical for keeping hair healthy, but many people don’t get enough. Lean meat like fish, chicken, eggs, and soy products are good sources of protein; eat one serving every day.
Because trace minerals like magnesium and zinc also affect hair, it’s a good idea to take a daily multivitamin.
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