Kepelbagaian guna cuka

Maklumat yang berguna untuk dikongsi bersama dan seterusnnya diamalkan….

CUKA sering digunakan sebagai pembersih atau pencuci yang berkesan untuk menghapuskan bakteria berikutan paras asid yang terkandung di dalamnya. Membersih menggunakan cuka adalah kaedah bijak untuk mengelak penggunaan bahan kimia selain ia mesra alam dan menjimatkan.

# Buat sendiri bahan pencuci dengan mencampurkan 1/4 cawan soda bikarbonat, 1 sudu cecair pencuci dan cuka. Bersihkan permukaan dapur menggunakan bahan tersebut.

# Bersih dan harumkan tong sampah dengan campuran 1/2 cawan soda bikarbonat dan cuka. Biarkan selama lima minit dan curahkan air panas.

# Bersihkan ketuhar gelombang dengan campuran 1/2 cawan cuka dan 1/2 cawan air. Didihkan campuran tersebut dalam ketuhar gelombang, memudahkan kekotoran yang melekat tanggal dan menghilangkan bau.

# Untuk perkakasan kaca yang kusam, rendam tisu dapur atau kain pengelap di dalam cuka, kemudian balut kertas atau kain tersebut pada perkakasan. Biarkan seketika sebelum dibilas sehingga bersih.

# Hilangkan kesan kekotoran pada teko dengan campuran 1/2 cawan cuka dan air, biarkan semalaman. Untuk mendapatkan kesan lebih drastik didihkan cuka dengan air di dalam teko tersebut beberapa minit. Biarkan sejuk dan bilas.

# Hilangkan kesan kopi pada cawan. Caranya gosok garam atau soda bikarbonat bersama cuka pada cawan tersebut dan bilas bersih.

# Hilangkan kesan hitam pada teko aluminium dengan didihkan campuran 1 cawan cuka dan 1 cawan air panas.

# Gunakan semburan cuka untuk elak semut di kawasan luar rumah terutama berhampiran jajaran pintu dan tingkap.

# Hilangkan bau akibat makanan lama dalam peti sejuk. Mula-mula bersihkan bahagian yang berkenaan dengan sabun dan air. Sembur di bahagian permulaan dengan cuka dan lap dengan kain. Isi soda bikarbonat dalam bekas dan letak di dalam peti sejuk. Biarkan beberapa hari.

# Untuk memudahkan kerja-kerja membersihkan perkakasan membakar, semburkan campuran cuka dan air di atas permukaan.

# Harumkan tandas anda dengan memasukkan tiga cawan cuka ke dalam mangkuk tandas kira-kira setengah jam, kemudian pam tandas.

# Untuk menjadikan mangkuk tandas bersinar, tuangkan secawan atau lebih cuka yang dicampur air, biarkan beberapa jam atau semalaman, bersihkan menggunakan berus tandas dan bilas.

# Tanda pada permaidani boleh dihilangkan dengan campiran dua sudu cuka dan 1/4 cawan garam atau soda bikarbonat. Gosok bahan tersebut pada kesan kotoran dan keringkan.

Sumber

Ungkapan dari Balik Hijab – puisi

Saya tertarik dengan puisi ini yang diterima melalui email untuk dikongsi bersama……semoga kita juga dibukakan hijab oleh Allah SWT.

Ungkapan dari Balik Hijab

Ketika Islam masuk ke dalam kalbuku ….
Riuh rendah suara-suara mencekam
Memekakkan telinga hingga tak mendengar…
Menyilaukan mata hingga tak dapat melihat…
Melenyapkan rasa… Dingin mengalir… merinding, menggigil sekujur tubuh dan kulitku…
Kemudian semua lenyap… hampa…damai… tenteram… hingga tak terbayangkan…
Akal dan fikiranku tak sanggup menerawang….

Sebentar-sebentar Engkau kembalikan kesedaran rasaku … inilah ikhlas inilah sabar yang tiada batas!!!

Ya Allah, ya Tuhan hamba, Firman dan ayatMu menyapa hatiku menjadi iman ku

Ya Muhammad SAW Engkau junjungan hamba sabdamu menjadi pembimbing akhlak ku

Qalbbuku tak habis memandang…
Ya Allah…hambamu tak mampu… melihat apa-apa ketika tabir hijab ini Engkau buka
Ya Allah… hambamu tak mampu… merasakan ketika nikmat itu Engkau berikan
Ya Allah… Engkau benar… yang menguasai seluruh titik kehidupan tanpa kecuali…
Ya Allah… Engkau selalu memperhatikan segala yang ada…yang mati maupun yang hidup

Ya Allah… Engkau Dzat yang selalu ada dibalik debu debu…dibalik udara… dibalik gelap dan terang…
…. dibalik alam-alam kehidupan…dibalik alam-alam kematian…

Yah Allah… Ya Rahman…Ya Rahiim….Ya Hu…Ya Hu….
Ampuni hambaMu yang lemah ini
Selama ini hambaMu tak tau printah-perintahMu…
Selama ini hambaMu tak mengerti firman-firmanMu…
Selama ini hambaMu melampui batas di hadapanMu…
selama ini hambamu tak mampu bersyukur atas nikmatMu…

Ya Allah…. kini hambamu mengerti Engkau sesembahanku…
Muhammad Rasulku…Islam menjadi Agamaku

Ya Allah… kini hambaMu faham tentang perjanjian ruhaniku
Ya benar…hambaMu hanya bergantung kepadaMu…
Ya benar… Engkaulah yang nyata di antara yang terkira …Engkaulah yang ada di antara yang tiada

Ya Allah…itukah jasadku??? itukah perasaanku?? ? itukah hatiku??? itukah akal pikiranku??? itukah mataku??? itukah pendengarnku? ?? itukah hatiku??? itukah ?????? Ya Basir…Ya Jabar… Huuuuuu…Allah, …Huuuuu Allah”

~ Tomo king ~

Cili boleh kuruskan badan?

Betul ke cili boleh kuruskan badan? Orang Melayu suka makan cili, tapi banyak gak yang boroi….

LOS ANGELES – Sekumpulan saintis Universiti California, Amerika Syarikat (AS) mendakwa, memakan banyak cili dapat menurunkan berat badan kerana sayuran tersebut dapat meningkatkan kadar metabolisme dan membakar lemak, lapor sebuah akhbar semalam.

Penemuan itu berdasarkan hasil kajian terhadap 34 sukarelawan lelaki dan wanita yang dihidangkan lada kurang pedas atau perisa tiruan cili.

Kajian itu mendapati pembakaran tenaga dalam badan kumpulan sukarelawan yang memakan banyak cili adalah hampir dua kali ganda lebih tinggi berbanding mereka yang diberikan makan perisa cili tiruan. – Agensi

Sumber berita

Lidah sebagai indikator kesihatan

Selain daripada kuku, bahagian lain dalam tubuh kita seperti lidah juga boleh digunakan sebagai indikator untuk mengetahui keadaan kesihatan kita secara keseluruhannya.

Lidah digunakan sebagai kawasan diagnostik bagi mengetahui keadaan kesihatan atau penyakit oleh pengamal perubatan tradisional Cina sejak zaman berzaman.

Berikut adalah artikel oleh Dr Mao mengenai perkara ini ….

Tongue Inspection: How’s your health?

Wonder if you’re coming down with a cold? Stick out your tongue and say “Ah!” Or at least give it a glance. Your tongue is one of the easiest ways to check in with your health status. I recently posted a blog about how to read your face to determine the condition of your health. The tongue is such an important diagnostic tool for Chinese medicine practitioners that it merits a full article.

How Chinese medicine uses the tongue to interpret your health?

The tongue is one of the most important diagnostic areas in ancient medical traditions. What makes the tongue such a great diagnostic tool? Your tongue, containing water, electrolytes, mucus, and enzymes, is a very sensitive organ and its appearance changes with many physical changes in the body. In Chinese medicine, the tongue is a “map” of the internal body. Like the face, the tongue is divided into five-element zones that correspond to your internal organ networks.

Get in front of the mirror and look at your tongue right now. The tip exhibits the fire element; behind the tongue tip is the metal element; both right and left sides the wood element; in the center towards the back is the earth element; and the very back of your tongue is the water element. Now that you know what element is where, how do you translate what your tongue is telling you?

Signs and symptoms

Here is what you want to see: A normal tongue should be pink, muscular without tooth marking or discoloration, and have a very thin clear coating that exhibits proper salivary secretions. Monitor your evolving health level by noticing color, shape, and coating changes in specific zones.

Tongue Color:

When the color becomes deeper — going from pale to scarlet to purple — it means that there is increasing heat in the body. Heat may mean inflammation, infection, or hyperactivity of the organ network. When the tongue’s color becomes lighter — from pink to pale to paper white — it indicates cold, which can mean anemia, pathogenic cold factor, or low energy and function of the corresponding organ network. I treat patients with low immune system function, sometimes due to chemotherapy or chronic fatigue syndrome, and many of them exhibit a pale tongue indicating low energy.

Tongue Coating:

The thickness and color of the coating, or a lack of coating, can indicate different issues. When the coat of your tongue becomes thick, it is frequently a sign of imbalance in the digestive system. When the coat turns thick and cruddy, it generally points to decreased immune system with Candida (yeast infection). When the coat turns yellow, it often signals infection or inflammation in the body. A peeling coat is usually a sign of damage or weakening to certain systems of the body.

You can further diagnose underlying problems by analyzing the regions of your tongue; these show you which organ network is affected.

1. Tongue tip

Fire: Cardiovascular System

The fire element zone, which corresponds to the heart-small intestine network, is located at the tip of the tongue. This includes matters of the heart, both emotions and the physical health. In Chinese medicine, the spirit is said to reside in the heart network. Stress and anxiety will show up as red color and red dots on the tip of the tongue. Increasing heat signs means hyperactivity in the heart network due to stress and tension.

2. Sides of your tongue

Wood: Liver Network

The sides of your tongue display the wood element. Teeth markings on the sides of the tongue usually mean stagnant energy in the liver network. You may also notice a bluish-green or purplish hue or spots in this zone. Dark spots may indicate more serious problems. On several occasions, I’ve noticed purple spots in the wood zone in patients that suffer from low energy, discomfort, distension around the lower ribs, and swelling in the abdomen. I immediately sent each of them to see a hepatologis — a liver specialist — who, unfortunately, confirmed either liver cancer or cirrhosis in seven out of ten cases.

3. Behind the tongue tip

Metal: Respiratory and Immune System

The band-like area across the tongue and just behind the tip is the metal element zone, which corresponds to the respiratory and the immune systems. When this area turns reddish, or when red pin-sized dots occur, it usually means a respiratory infection is on its way or is settling into the body. Paleness in the metal zone may reflect a weakened immune system. In rare fungal infections of the lungs, there may appear a brownish black coating over this zone, which was the case with several of my patients who suffer from lesions in their lungs.

4. Center of the tongue

Earth: Digestive System

This area is the earth element zone, and it is related to the stomach-spleen-pancreas network. Problems of the digestive system most often show up here in the center of the tongue. G.E.R.D. — stomach and esophagus acid reflux that keeps many people awake at night — may be seen with redness and a yellowish coating in the center of the tongue. Subtle changes in this area may indicate digestive problems that have not surfaced yet; observe this area and take prophylactic steps if necessary.

5. Back of your tongue

Water: Kidney-Bladder Network

The back of the tongue reflects many of the body’s functions, but is mainly the domain of the water element, or kidney-bladder network, which includes the hormonal system and sexual glands. The two large, elevated papilla on the back of the tongue are a normal part of the taste buds. What you should look for is color and coating. For example, when I see a thick yellow coating at the back-center of the tongue in my female patients, I know that they are very likely to get a bladder infection. I tell them to immediately start drinking 8 to 12 glasses of filtered water a day, take 5,000 mg of vitamin C, and to drink cranberry juice or take its extract — this regimen will typically help prevent a bladder infection. More often than not, those who didn’t follow this preventive treatment will call me a few days later with an infection.

Your body alerts you to imbalances in many more ways than just your tongue. Ideally, you should confirm your findings from your tongue with observations from others, such as the eyes, face, and nails. You can learn more in Secrets of Self-Healing, which contains in-depth information on this subject.

You can keep all five elements balanced in your body with a specialized combination of 44 traditional Chinese herbs that support healthy function of the bodily systems, the Five Elements of Health Formula.

I hope this article helps you translate your tongue!

May you live long, live strong, and live happy!

-Dr. Mao

Mimpi Bertemu Rasulullah SAW – Habib Umar

Demi kecintaan kepada Rasulullah saw, di bawah ini dipanjangkan petikan daripada Pondok Habib untuk dikongsi bersama….

Semoga bermanfaat, insya Allah….

Sabda Rasulullah saw:

من رآني في المنام فسيراني في اليقظة
ولا يتمثل الشيطان بي

Sabda Rasulullah saw yang bermaksud:

‘Siapa yang melihatku dalam mimpi, maka beliau akan melihatku secara yaqozoh (dalam keadaan sedar) dan syaitan itu tidak menyerupai aku.’ (Riwayat Imam Bukhari: Hadis Sohih)

Sejak kebelakang ini asyik mendengar cerita2 para solihin mimpi Rasulullah dari mulut para masyayikh kami. Bila dengar saja, berguguran air mata…terasa ‘Ya Allah, bila aku akan dikurniakan kurniaan sebegitu?’

Sememangnya kurniaan itu terlalu besar.

Bagaimana engkau ingin perolehinya sedang matamu sendiri masih melihat perkara2 yang DIA tidak redhai.

Usahamu terlalu kerdil dan kecil untuk mendapatkannya…

Tahu tidak engkau mahu melihat siapa???

Siapa??

Insan yang paling istimewa di sisi Allah.

Habib Husain As-Saqqaf menceritakan dalam pengajian online kitab Bidayah Al-Hidayah:

Ada salah seorang dari masyayikh (guru) kami, setiap hari beliau akan mimpi Rasulullah s.a.w. Pada suatu hari, setelah beliau duduk menonton berita bersama keluarga dan tidak disengajakan pembaca berita itu merupakan seorang perempuan yang tidak memakai tudung… kemudian pada malamnya, beliau tidak melihat Rasulullah dalam mimpinya dan berlarutan hingga beberapa hari. Beliau menangis2 hingga 1 hari Rasulullah saw datang dalam mimpinya dan menegur: ’Aku tidak hadir dalam mimpimu kerana pada malam itu matamu melihat pembaca berita itu.’

Ya Allah…bagaimanalah mata ini tidak dihijabkan dari melihatnya…

Kita akan dapati bahawa ada di antara ulama yang tidak mahu melihat wanita secara direct walau dalam jemaah besar. Kekadang kita ingat mereka buat sedemikian untuk ‘menjaga’…bagi alfaqir bukan itu saja… mungkin juga kerana mereka itu ingin menjaga mata mereka yang pernah melihat Rasulullah saw agar tetap terus tidak diharamkan untuk melihat Rasulullah s.a.w.

Habib Umar pernah menceritakan kepada kami dalam sebuah pengajian:

Cerita (1):

Kira2 dalam 20 tahun yang lalu, kami bertemu sendiri seorang lelaki menangis-nangis bagaikan kehilangan anak2 dan keluarga.

Jadi kami pun bertanya kepadanya…

‘Apa yang membuatkan engkau menangis sebegini?’

Lelaki itu pun berkata:

‘Sudah 3 hari, aku tidak lihat Rasulullah s.a.w.’

Kemudian ditanya semula…

‘Jadi, engkau hari2 mimpi Rasulullah s.a.w?!’

Beliau pun berkata: ‘Setiap hari Rasulullah s.a.w hadir dalam mimpi aku. Setiap hari aku akan berselawat sebanyak 12,000 kali tapi sejak dari hari yang aku tidak mimpi Rasulullah, aku menambahnya hingga 15,000 kali.’

Ya Allah… Bagaimana mereka boleh berselawat hingga mencapai ratusan ribu dalam sehari??? Lalainya aku dalam mengingatinya…

Amat menyedihkan lagi…

Bila disebut Rasulullah s.a.w, sama sekali tidak menggerakkan hati dan mulut kita pun untuk menyambut sebutan itu dengan selawat. Kedekutnya KITA! Kita fikir menyebutnya seperti menyebut orang lain.

Cerita(2):

Pada suatu hari, seorang lelaki soleh mentarbiyah anaknya dengan menahan anaknya dari mendapatkan air. Ia ke sana ke mari untuk mendapatkan air, tetap tidak berjaya. Untuk beberapa hari beliau hidup dalam kehausan. Kemudian, pada satu ketika sedang beliau bangun dari tidurnya… ayahnya melihatnya dia melakukan sesuatu yg seolah-olah beliau itu memegang bekas air dan meminumnya sepuas-puasnya (mcm mengigau).

Tanya si Ayah: ’wahai anakku, apa yang engkau buat ini?’

Si anak berkata: ’Aku ternampak seolah-olah di depanku bekas air yang besar, jadi aku meminumnya.’

Kata si Ayah: ’Begitulah keadaannya jika engkau mahu melihat Rasulullah s.a.w (sama ada secara mimpi/yaqozoh).’

Kesimpulan:

Kalau kita mahu mimpi Rasulullah s.a.w …maka hati kita perlu ta’alluq (terpaut) yang tersangat kepada Rasulullah s.a.w sepertimana budak itu begitu dasyat memerlukan air, tiada lain di fikirannya kecuali air sehinggakan terbawa-bawa dalam sedarnya.

Cerita (3):

Dari Habib Muhammad Al-Haddar (guru habib Umar), Al-Habib Ismail Al-Hami berkata:

‘Setiap minggu tak lihat (samada mimpi atau yaqozoh) Rasulullah s.a.w? Tolibul ‘ilm (penuntut ilmu) tak lihat Rasulullah s.a.w. setiap minggu? !Pelik!’

Ya Allah… jauhnya kami dari Rasulullah s.a.w…

Tadi, Sheikh Yusri Al-Hasani menceritakan kami dalam pengajian kitab Muwatto’:

Ade seorang ulama Al-Azhar (alfaqir tak ingat namanya) menjadikan wirid sehariannya selawat ke atas Rasulullah sebanyak 300,000 kali. Beliau setiap hari berjumpa Rasulullah saw secara yaqazoh (dalam keadaan sedar).

Allah…

Pada beberapa hari yang lalu pula…

Sheikh Ahmad Hajin menceritakan dalam pengajian syarah kitab Syamail Muhammdiyah .

Seorang alim murabbi ini tahu akan seorang anak didiknya yang setiap hari mimpi Rasulullah s.a.w. …jadi, setiap kali jika sheikh ini berjumpa anak didiknya itu…beliau akan bertanya: ‘Kaifa Hal Rasulillah alyaum? ’(Bagaimana keadaan Rasulullah s.a.w. hari ini).

Sheikh Usamah Al-Azhari pula menceritakan kami dalam pengajian Sirahnya:

‘Sheikh Ali Jumaah membaca lebih dari 40 kitab tentang Rasulullah s.a.w. hingga beliau dikurniakan mimpi Rasulullah s.a.w.’

Tanya diri…

‘Berapa banyak kitab tentang Rasulullah s.a.w. yang engkau telah baca???’

Sungguh lain peribadi seseorang yang telah berjumpa Rasulullah s.a.w…

Perhatian!!!

Cerita2 ini bukan rekaan semata. Jangan kerana kita merasa pelik atau merasakan suatu yang tidak boleh terima akal, kita menolak terus dan menginkarinya. Pemberian Allah itu tiada batasnya dan melampaui jangkauan akal kita. DIA Maha Berkuasa. Siapa kita untuk menghadkan pemberianNYA terhadap hamba-hambaNya yang soleh? Ingat! KITA hanya HAMBANYA!!! Dia memberi kelebihanNYA kepada sesiapa saja yang DIA kehendaki.

Ya Allah, dengan segala kelemahan yang ada pada diri kami, kurniakan kami kurniaan itu walau saat2 akhir hayat kami di dunia ini…

Makanan untuk otak yang membantu konsentrasi

Artikel tentang makanan seharian untuk otak yang boleh membantu konsentrasi atau fokus di bawah ini adalah untuk dikongsi bersama…. semoga bermanfaat.

Ginseng, Fish, Berries, or Caffeine?

Listen to the buzz about foods and dietary supplements and you’ll believe they can do everything from sharpen focus and concentration, to enhance memory, attention span, and brain function.

But do they really work? There’s no denying that as we age chronologically, our body ages right along with us. The good news is that you can increase your chances of maintaining a healthy brain — if you add “smart” foods and beverages to your diet.

Caffeine Can Make You More Alert

There’s no magic bullet to boost IQ or make you smarter — but certain substances, like caffeine, can energize and help you focus and concentrate. Found in coffee, chocolate, energy drinks, and some medications, caffeine gives you that unmistakable wake-up buzz — though the effects are short term. And more is often less: Overdo it on caffeine and it can make you jittery and uncomfortable.

Sugar Can Enhance Alertness

Sugar is your brain’s preferred fuel source — not table sugar, but glucose, which your body metabolizes from the sugars and carbohydrates you eat. That’s why a glass of something sweet to drink can offer a short-term boost to memory, thinking processes, and mental ability.

Consume too much, however, and memory can be impaired — along with the rest of you. Go easy on the sugar so it can enhance memory, without packing on the pounds.

Protein & Brain Function Connection

One of the great benefits of protein is that it generally makes you feel satisfied longer than carbohydrates and fats. Eating a diet rich in lean and low-fat protein is good for weight loss and overall health — though it’s hard to draw a connection with brain function.

Fish Really is Brain Food

A protein source associated with a great brain boost is fish — rich in omega 3 fatty acids, essential for brain function and development. These healthy fats have amazing brain power: higher dietary omega 3 fatty acids are linked to lower dementia and stroke risks; slower mental decline; and may play a vital role in enhancing memory, especially as we get older.

For brain and heart health, eat two servings of fish weekly.

Add a Daily Dose of Nuts and Chocolate

Nuts and seeds are good sources of the antioxidant vitamin E, which is associated with less cognitive decline as you age. Dark chocolate also has powerful antioxidant properties, and contains natural stimulants like caffeine, which can enhance focus and concentration.

Enjoy up to an ounce a day of nuts and dark chocolate to provide all the benefits you need without excess calories, fat, or sugar.

Add Avocados and Whole Grains

Every organ in the body depends on blood flow, especially the heart and brain. Eating whole grains and fruits like avocados can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and enhance blood flow, offering a simple, tasty way to fire up brain cells.

Whole grains, like popcorn and whole wheat, also contribute dietary fiber and vitamin E, while avocados have fat — but a good-for-you, monounsaturated fat that contributes to healthy blood flow.

Blueberries Are Super Nutritious

Research in animals shows that blueberries help protect the brain from oxidative stress and may reduce the effects of age-related conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease or dementia. Studies also show that diets rich in blueberries significantly improved both the learning capacity and motor skills of aging rats, making them mentally equivalent to much younger rats.

Benefits of a Healthy Diet

It may sound trite but it’s true: If your diet lacks essential nutrients, it can decrease your ability to concentrate. Eating too much or too little can also interfere with your ability to focus. A heavy meal may make you feel lethargic, while too few calories can result in distracting hunger pangs.

Benefit your brain: Strive for a well-balanced diet chock full of a wide variety of healthy, wholesome foods.

Vitamins, Minerals, and Supplements?

Store shelves groan with supplements claiming to boost health. Although many of the reports on the brain-boosting power of supplements like vitamins B, C, E, beta-carotene, and magnesium are promising, they’re inconclusive.

Researchers are cautiously optimistic about ginseng, gingko, or vitamin, mineral, and herb combinations and their impact on the brain.

A daily multivitamin is OK, but check with your doctor before taking other supplements.

Get Ready for a Big Day

Want to power up your ability to concentrate? Start with a meal of 100% fruit juice, a whole grain bagel with salmon, and a cup of coffee. In addition to eating a well-balanced meal, experts also advise:

* Get a good night’s sleep.
* Exercise to help sharpen thinking.
* Meditate to clear thinking and relax.

Source

Jakarta & 115 pulau Indonesia mungkin tenggelam

Telah diketahui umum bahawa perubahan iklim global sebahagian besarnya adalah disebabkan oleh tangan-tangan manusia yang tidak bertanggung-jawab sejak sekian lama. Kini, akibatnya sudah mula kita alami dan kesan yang lebih buruk akan lebih dirasai oleh generasi akan datang jika perkara ini tidak dibendung mulai sekarang.

Tanya diri, adakah kita juga menjadi penyumbang utama kepada perubahan iklim global ini?

Nampaknya, kesedaran umum tentang aktiviti-aktiviti manusia yang menyumbang kepada perubahan iklim global ini masih di tahap rendah, oleh itu kempen kesedaran yang lebih agresif dan efektif perlu dilakukan oleh semua pihak termasuk agensi kerajaan dan badan-badan bukan kerajaan demi menjaga keutuhan bumi kita.

Dalam artikel di bawah ini, dijangkakan banyak pulau di Indonesia termasuk ibu negaranya, Jakarta, turut akan tenggelam menjelang 2100 nanti? Bagaimana dengan pulau-pulau dan ibu negara Malaysia?

JAKARTA: Perubahan iklim global mungkin menyebabkan kota Jakarta dan 115 pulau lain di Indonesia tenggelam, manakala wilayah Kalimantan dianggap paling selamat jika ibu negara republik itu terpaksa dipindahkan.

Wakil Ketua Pengarah Dewan Nasional Perubahan Iklim Indonesia, Dr Armi Susandi, berkata kenaikan paras air laut akibat perubahan iklim boleh menenggelamkan wilayah pesisir negara itu, termasuk Jakarta, jika tiada usaha serius menanganinya.

“Cadangan untuk memindahkan ibu negara Indonesia ke Kalimantan adalah satu syor baik. Tahun 2030 masa paling sesuai untuk memindahkannya berikutan potensi bahaya yang lebih rendah. Jakarta terlalu padat dengan penduduk dan sering tercemar,” katanya ketika ditemui wartawan. Armi yang juga dekan Fakulti Ilmu dan Teknologi Bumi Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) berkata, kajian dijalankan pihaknya menunjukkan 115 pulau di Indonesia dan bahagian utara pulau Jawa akan tenggelam menjelang 2100.

Beliau berkata pada 2010, paras air laut di Indonesia dianggarkan meningkat 0.4 meter dan setakat ini negara itu sudah kehilangan kawasan seluas 7,408 kilometer persegi.

“Menjelang 2100 sebanyak 90,260 kilometer persegi wilayah daratan Indonesia akan hilang, manakala paras air laut dijangka naik 1.1 meter,” katanya.

Beliau berkata kesan bencana alam di Kalimantan lebih rendah berbanding pulau Jawa berikutan kenaikan paras laut lebih rendah. Berikutan itu ia lebih sesuai sebagai tapak baru ibu negara Indonesia.
“Kalimantan mempunyai beberapa kelebihan. Ia tiada gunung berapi dan bukan tempat pertemuan plet tektonik,” katanya.

Sementara itu, penganalisis ekonomi Fakulti Ekonomi Universiti Indonesia Tezza Napitulu berkata kajian mendalam perlu dilakukan, manakala pemindahan itu perlu dilakukan seiring dengan pengendalian dan pengurusan wilayah Kalimantan.

“Saya bersetuju jika ibu negara Indonesia dipindahkan ke Kalimantan, tetapi ia bukan penyelesaian semua masalah. Kerajaan perlu menjalankan kajian lebih terperinci mengenai perkara ini,” katanya. – Agensi

Sumber Berita

Tips menghindari mengantuk siang hari

Tidak dapat dinafikan memang banyak yg kaki tidur pada siang hari, pantang ada ruang dan masa mesti mengantuk, tersenggut-senggut atau berdengkur terus, tidak kira di mana — sama ada semasa membaca, menghadiri kelas, kuliah, atau seminar, mesyuarat yang terlalu panjang berjela, berada di perpustakaan yang sunyi, malah di tempat kerja sekalipun. Ini berlaku mungkin kerana kurang tidur, memang kaki tidur, mendengar atau membuat sesuatu yang membosankan.

Siang hari sepatutnya digunakan sepenuhnya untuk meningkatkan produktiviti bukan sebaliknya. Jadi, bagaimana cara untuk mengelakkan daripada mengantuk di siang hari?

Huraiannya dalam artikel di bawah ini….

12 Tips to Avoid Daytime Sleepiness

By Camille Peri
Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario, MD

Nearly everyone has days when they feel sleepy. But for some people, excessive sleepiness actually gets in the way of daily work, childcare, and even leisure activities. This is known as hypersomnia, recurrent sleepiness that makes people want to nap repeatedly, even at work.

Not surprisingly, the problem of daytime sleepiness usually starts at night. Even missing just a few nights’ sleep, or not getting enough uninterrupted sleep, can slow you down and sour your mood.

Poor sleep habits are often the cause of daytime sleepiness. Before you go through any more groggy and crabby days, try these 12 ways to improve nighttime sleep and avoid daytime sleepiness.

1. Get adequate nighttime sleep.

That may sound obvious, but many of us succumb to shaving an hour or two off our sleep time in the morning or at night to do other things. Most adults need seven to nine hours a night, and teenagers usually need a full nine hours. Block out eight or nine hours for sleep every night.

2. Keep distractions out of bed.

“Reserve your bed for sleep and sex,” says Avelino Verceles, MD, assistant professor at the University of Maryland School of Medicine and director of the school’s sleep medicine fellowship. “You shouldn’t read, watch TV, play video games, or use laptop computers in bed.” Don’t do your bills or have heated discussions in bed either. They may leave you sleepless.

3. Set a consistent wake-up time.

People who have problem sleepiness are often advised to go to bed and get up at the same time every day, including on weekends. But randomly setting an ideal bedtime can lead to more frustration if you suffer from insomnia and already have trouble falling asleep, says Barry Krakow, MD, medical director of Maimonides Sleep Arts and Sciences Ltd. in Albuquerque, N.M., and author of Sound Sleep, Sound Mind: 7 Keys to Sleeping Through the Night.

Instead, Krakow suggests starting out by setting a wake-up time only. “Stick by that for the first few weeks or even months to establish a rhythm,” he says. “That process of always getting up at the same time helps to anchor the circadian rhythm. And if you do that and have a bad night, you’ll also to be sleepier the next bedtime.”

4. Gradually move to an earlier bedtime.

Another approach to getting into a consistent schedule is to try going to bed 15 minutes earlier each night for four nights. Then stick with the last bedtime. Gradually adjusting your schedule like this usually works better than suddenly trying to go to sleep an hour earlier.

5. Set consistent, healthy mealtimes.

Regular mealtimes, not just regular sleep times, help regulate our circadian rhythms. Eating a healthy breakfast and lunch on time — rather than grabbing a doughnut and coffee in the morning or a late sandwich on the run — also prevents energy deficits during the day that will aggravate your sleepiness. Plan to finish eating meals two to three hours before bedtime.

6. Exercise.

Regular exercise (30 minutes a day on most days) offers multiple benefits for sleep. Exercise, especially aerobic exercise, generally makes it easier to fall asleep and sleep more soundly.

Exercise also gives you more daytime energy and keeps your thinking sharp. And if you exercise outside in daylight, you get still more benefits. Sleep experts recommend 30 minutes of exposure to sunlight a day because daylight helps regulate our sleep patterns. Avoid exercising within three hours of bedtime.

7. De-clutter your schedule.

“If you don’t think you can allow seven or eight hours for sleep, then you need to look at your schedule and make some adjustments,” says Verceles. “Move some activities from nighttime to early evening or from early to late morning.” Try to eliminate tasks that aren’t really important. Getting enough sleep at night will help you function better during your remaining activities.

8. Don’t go to bed until you’re sleepy.

If you go to bed when you’re just tired, you probably won’t be able to fall asleep, Krakow says. “Distinguish between the feeling of sleepiness and being tired. Get into bed when you’re sleepy — eyes droopy, you’re drowsy, you feel like you’re nodding off. It’s a very different kind of feeling.”

9. Don’t nap late in the day.

Late afternoon napping can make daytime sleepiness worse if because it can interfere with nighttime sleep.

10. Create a relaxing bedtime ritual.

A relaxation routine before bedtime can help you separate from the day — especially from activities that are over-stimulating or stressful, making it difficult to sleep. Try meditation, soaking in a hot bath, listening to soothing music, or reading a book. A cup of herbal tea or warm milk can also be soothing, but skip those if they cause you to wake at night to go to the bathroom.

11. Avoid “nightcaps.”

People often think that alcohol helps sleep, but it actually robs you of deep sleep, which is essential for feeling well rested. When the effects of alcohol wear off during the night, you’ll probably be wide awake again.

12. See a sleep specialist.

Daytime sleepiness can be caused by sleep disorders. If you are excessively sleepy consistently during the day even when you sleep well or if you fall asleep without warning during daily activities, you may have a sleep disorder such as narcolepsy or sleep apnea, a breathing problem that occurs during sleep. According to Krakow, undiagnosed and untreated sleep disorders are probably the greatest cause of daytime fatigue and sleepiness.

Problem of sleepiness can also be caused by certain illnesses and medications. And mental conditions such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and anxiety are very commonly linked to sleep problems.

A sleep specialist can design a treatment program for you that treats the underlying sleep disorder and helps you develop better sleep habits and attitudes though cognitive behavioral therapy. Sometimes it takes a combination of medication and behavioral therapy to eliminate daytime sleepiness, but it can be done.

Source of article

The health dangers and benefits of eating red meat

After reading this article, you might think twice to eat red meat….

By Elizabeth Lee
Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

Does eating red meat increase the risk of dying from heart disease or cancer?

It’s a question that keeps coming up, fueled by research and high-profile campaigns by advocacy groups on both sides of the debate.

WebMD asked the experts, looking for answers about disease risk, health benefits, and what role red meat should play in the diet.

Here’s what they had to say.

1. Does eating red meat increase the risk of cancer and heart disease?

A: For heart disease, the answer is pretty clear. Some red meats are high in saturated fat, which raises blood cholesterol. High levels of LDL cholesterol increase the risk of heart disease.

When it comes to cancer, the answer is not so clear. Many researchers say they do raise the risk, especially for colorectal cancer.

A recent National Institutes of Health-AARP study of more than a half-million older Americans concluded that people who ate the most red meat and processed meat over a 10-year-period were likely to die sooner than those who ate smaller amounts. Those who ate about 4 ounces of red meat a day were more likely to die of cancer or heart disease than those who ate the least, about a half-ounce a day. Epidemiologists classified the increased risk as “modest” in the study.

The meat industry contends there is no link between red meat, processed meats, and cancer, and says that lean red meat fits into a heart-healthy diet. A meat industry spokeswoman criticized the design of the NIH-AARP study, saying that studies that rely on participants to recall what foods they eat cannot prove cause and effect. “Many of these suggestions could be nothing more than statistical noise,” says Janet Riley, a senior vice president of the American Meat Institute, a trade group.

But many studies have found similar links. Another one that followed more than 72,000 women for 18 years found that those who ate a Western-style diet high in red and processed meats, desserts, refined grains, and French fries had an increased risk of heart disease, cancer, and death from other causes.

“The association between consumption of red and processed meats and cancer, particularly colorectal cancer, is very consistent,” says Marji McCullough, PhD, a nutritional epidemiologist with the American Cancer Society.

After a systemic review of scientific studies, an expert panel of the World Cancer Research Fund and the American Institute for Cancer Research concluded in 2007 that “red or processed meats are convincing or probable sources of some cancers.” Their report says evidence is convincing for a link between red meat, processed meat, and colorectal cancer, and limited but suggestive for links to lung, esophageal, stomach, pancreatic, and endometrial cancers.

Rashmi Sinha, PhD, the lead author of the National Cancer Institute study, points to a large number of studies that link red meat consumption with chronic diseases.

Original article

Aku semut merah – Felix Agus

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