Sembelit: antara fakta dan mitos

Banyak perkara yang menjadi mitos berbanding dengan fakta berkaitan dengan sembelit. Semua ini mungkin melalui pengalaman orang-orang terdahulu sehingga menjadikannya satu mitos atau sesuatu yang dipercayai. Kepercayaan ini akhirnya diwarisi dari satu generasi ke satu generasi lain. Sebaliknya, sesuatu perkara itu dikatakan sebagai fakta berdasarkan kepada kajian secara saintifik.

Berikut disenaraikan perbezaan di antara fakta atau mitos yang boleh dikaitkan dengan sembelit, merentasi budaya dan bangsa. Dengan mengetahui kedua-dua aspek ini maka mudahlah kita berpegang kepada fakta dan meninggalkan mitos yang tidak memberi apa-apa kesan kepada masalah sembelit ini…

Myths and Facts About Constipation
Reviewed by Brunilda Nazario, MD on July 07, 2010

Myth: You Should Have a Bowel Movement Every Day

What’s “normal” varies from person to person. Some people go 3 times a day; others, 3 times a week. Although having a bowel movement once a day is common, it’s fine to skip a few days without one. You’re considered severely constipated if you have less than one movement a week. Seek medical help for sudden constipation or constipation that lasts more than 2 weeks.

Myth: Constipation Creates Toxins and Health Problems

Some people believe that constipation causes the body to absorb poisonous substances in stools. They believe that this can cause diseases such as arthritis, asthma, and colon cancer. But there’s no evidence that the stools produce toxins or that colon cleansing, laxatives, or enemas can prevent cancer or other diseases.

Myth: Constipation Just Means I Need More Fiber

Fiber can often help constipation. But sometimes constipation is caused by diseases like stroke, diabetes, thyroid, or Parkinson’s disease. In rare cases, it can signal illnesses such as colorectal cancer or autoimmune disease. See a doctor if constipation lasts more than 2 weeks or if you have bloody stools, severe pain with bowel movements, or unexplained weight loss.

Fact: Dairy Can Cause Constipation

Eat too much dairy and it may cause or aggravate constipation. So how much is OK? A normal adult-size portion of milk is one cup, cheese is 1½ ounces (about the size of four stacked dice), and ice cream is a ½ cup (the size of half a baseball). Two to 3 servings of dairy a day is enough. Talk to your doctor if small amounts seem to constipate you.

Myth: Swallowed Gum Will Get Stuck in Your Stomach

Chewing gum won’t stick to your insides like it would to the the bottom of your shoe – and it won’t cause constipation. Indigestible parts of gum move out of your body through bowel movements, usually within a few days. Very rarely, swallowing large amounts of gum or many pieces in a short time can block the digestive tract, especially if you swallow it with other indigestible things.

Fact: Vacations Can Cause Constipation

Travel can change your daily routine and diet, causing constipation. Avoid dehydration-related constipation by drinking water, especially if you’re flying. Also move around when you can – for example, while waiting for plane connections or by taking rest stops when driving. Other travel tips: Exercise, limit alcohol, and make a point of eating fruits and vegetables.

Fact: Mood Can Affect Your Regularity

Emotional stress may trigger constipation or make it worse. Massaging the abdomen can help relax the muscles that support the intestines and get your bowels moving. Acupressure or shiatsu massage may help too. Meditation, yoga, biofeedback, and relaxation techniques are other ways to reduce stress.

Myth: Holding It Won’t Hurt

You may feel too busy at work to have a bowel movement. Or you’d rather wait until you’re home. But ignoring the urge when it comes may not only make you physically uncomfortable – it can cause or aggravate constipation. Some people find it helps to set aside time after breakfast or another meal for a bowel movement. But no matter when nature calls, answer.

Fact: Medications Can Cause Constipation

Some medications for pain, depression, high blood pressure, and Parkinson’s disease can cause constipation. Too much vitamin D and iron, can also lead to constipation. Calcium supplements, especially if taken with another supplement or medication that binds the stool, may also cause problems. Talk with your doctor if you have concerns.

Fact: A Low-Fiber Diet Can Cause Constipation

Not enough fiber is a common cause of constipation. To prevent it, try to get 5 or more servings a day of foods rich in fiber, like whole-grain bread, cereal, and pasta. Limit foods that are low in fiber or high in fat and sugar, such as processed foods. If you don’t normally have much fiber in your diet, add it slowly to avoid gas and bloating.

Myth: All Fiber Is Created Equal

Insoluble fiber in foods adds bulk to stool and helps stools pass through the intestines faster, easing constipation. Good sources are whole grain breads, pasta, and cereal. Soluble fiber found in fresh fruits and vegetables may not work as well. To encourage the growth of bacteria in the colon that may keep the intestines healthy, try citrus fruits and legumes, such as beans.

Fact: Prunes Help Keep You Regular

This small, dried fruit has earned a big reputation as “nature’s remedy” for constipation. Prunes can prevent or improve constipation symptoms. They’re packed with fiber, which adds bulk to stool and speeds its passage through the colon. Prunes also contain sorbitol, a natural laxative. And they are safe for long-term use. For children, try freezing prune juice into a popsicle or mixing it with another juice to improve the taste.

Fact: Drinking Water May Help

Drinking plenty of water helps prevent dehydration, which can cause constipation. Liquids can help keep your stool soft to help prevent and alleviate constipation. Talk to your doctor about how much water is good for you. Remember to limit caffeinated or alcoholic beverages – too many of these can cause dehydration.

Fact: Exercise Keeps You Regular

Lack of physical activity can contribute to constipation. Exercise, however, can help make your bowel movements more regular and reduce stress. Wait at least an hour after eating a big meal before you exercise to give your body time to digest your food. Then get moving! Try a 10- to 15-minute walk several times a day. Stretching and yoga can also help constipation.

Myth: Coffee Can Fix Constipation

It’s true that the caffeine in coffee can stimulate the muscles in your digestive system to contract, causing a bowel movement. So why isn’t it recommended as a fix for constipation? Coffee can actually make stools harder to pass because it is a diuretic, so it draws liquid out of stools. If you are constipated, avoid coffee and other diuretics such as alcohol and caffeinated tea and cola.

Myth: Castor Oil is a Cure-All

Castor oil is a powerful laxative. But like other laxatives, it should not be used long-term. Overusing laxatives can hurt your body’s ability to absorb nutrients and some medications. Castor oil can damage the bowel muscles, nerves, and tissue if overused – all which can cause constipation. Use it only with a doctor’s guidance.

Myth: Constipation Is Only an Older Person’s Condition

Older people are more likely to become constipated. This can be because of medical conditions, poor nutrition, greater use of medications, or not enough physical activity. But constipation is one of the most common gastrointestinal issues among other age groups, too. And it’s not unusual during pregnancy or after childbirth or surgery. Remember, if you’re pregnant and considering taking something to relieve constipation, check with your doctor.

Myth: It’s Normal to Have Bloody Stool

Blood in a bowel movement is not always serious, but you should always call your doctor if it happens. Bright red blood is usually from hemorrhoids or tears in the anal lining called fissures. Constipation and straining during bowel movements can be the cause. Maroon or tarry black blood or clots usually mean bleeding is coming from higher in the gastrointestinal tract. The cause may be more serious.

Source

Benarkah Pope, Pemerintahan Israel, Presiden US dan Mayor New York akan datang adalah yang terakhir?

Artikel yang menarik daripada http://www.discoveringislam.org yang menjangkakan bahawa Pope, pemerintahan Israel, Presiden US dan Mayor bandaraya New York akan datang merupakan yang terakhir sebelum berlakunya kiamat.

Artikel ini ditulis berdasarkan kepada nombor 19 yang unik dalam Al Quran. Sejauh mana kebenaran jangkaan atau ramalan ini, sama-sama kita nantikan kalau panjang umur….

The last Pope, Israeli Knesset, U.S. Presidency, New York Mayors

From: DiscoveringIslam.org

We, DiscoveringIslam.org, are proud to announce that we have discovered based on Allah’s special number 19 that the next Pope, Israeli Knesset, U.S. Presidency, New York mayor will be the last:

1. The last Pope
2. The last Israeli Knesset
3. The last U.S. Presidency
4. The last New York City mayor

Before reading this page, we recommend that you read to understand the significance of Number 19:

a. Numerical Miracles of Quran
b. End of Israel in 2022
c. Secrets behind Number 19 & its Usage in the Quran

1. The last Pope ?

According to Wikipedia.com, there have been 263 popes (including the current pope), serving 265 pontificates (periods of Papal office), starting from the first Pope Saint Peter (one of the Disciples of Jesus). The difference in these numbers is due to the fact that Benedict IX (not the current pope) reigned during three non-consecutive periods between 1032 and 1048. So, the next pope will serve the 266th pontificate, which is a multiplier of the significant number 19 (19 x 14 = 266). So, it makes sense to expect that the next pope could be the last. Jesus Christ will descend, so there will be no need for a pope. Jesus is coming back as a Muslim so Christianity will end and Christians will convert eventually to Islam.

To see the full list of Popes, visit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_popes

Another evidence that supports the view that the next pope will be the last is the following biblical prophecy:

“There are also seven kings. Five have fallen, one is, and the other has not yet come. And when he comes, he must continue a short time. The beast that was, and is not, is himself also the eighth, and is of the seven, and is going to perdition.” Revelation 17: 10-11

The current pope, Benedict XVI, is the seventh head (king) of the Vatican since the Vatican became an independent state in 1929. So, this indicates that the next pope will be the last.

The following video mentions a biblical prophecy in Revelation 17: 4-11 about the last pope (We don’t support the idea proposed in this video that the last pope will be the Anti-Christ himself, but it is possible that there will be something unique about him.):

Full article

Non-Muslim Japanese scientist discovers effect of Islamic words, pictures & Azan on water

Dr. Knut Pfeiffer: Islam’s Zamzam water positive effect on human cells

Penemuan awal – Otak lipas berpotensi menghasilkan antibiotik baru

Penemuan awal para penyelidik di UK menunjukkan bahawa sistem saraf pusat lipas boleh menghasilkan antibiotik untuk bakteria berbahaya kepada manusia iaitu Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) dan Escherichia coli (Strain toksik).

Diharap suatu nanti, otak lipas akan menjadi sumber utama bagi menghasilkan antibiotik melawan bakteria.

Lipas yang selama ini dianggap sebagai serangga pengotor yang sentiasa merayap mencari sisa-sisa makanan serta mendiami tempat-tempat yang kotor, rupa-rupanya berpotensi menjadi penyelamat kepada manusia daripada serangan bakteria berbahaya…… subhanallah!

Cockroach Brains May Hold New Antibiotics?

Insects naturally kill deadly MRSA and E. coli bacteria, experiment shows.

Christine Dell’Amore
National Geographic News
Published September 9, 2010

Cockroaches may make your skin crawl, but the insects—or, to be exact, their brains—could one day save your life.

That’s because the central nervous systems of American cockroaches produce natural antibiotics that can kill off bacteria often deadly to humans, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and toxic strains of Escherichia coli, scientists said this week.

Two species of locust tested so far also have the same bacteria-killing molecules in their tiny heads.

The findings suggest that the insect world—which makes up 80 percent of all animals on Earth—may be teeming with new antibiotics, said study co-author Simon Lee of the University of Nottingham in the U.K.

Such a discovery is crucial, because scientists are scrambling to combat strains of several infectious diseases, including MRSA and E. coli, that are resistant to traditional antibiotics, Lee said.

(Related: “Sharks Carrying Drug-Resistant ‘Bacterial Monsters.'”)

“It’s a promising new lead. We are looking in an unusual place, and to my knowledge no one else is looking there,” Lee said.

“That’s what we need in terms of [finding new] antibiotics, because all the usual places”—such as soil microbes, fungi, and purely synthetic molecules—”have been exhausted.”

(Also see: “Blockbuster Ocean Drugs on the Horizon?”)

Insect Brains Have “Clever Defense” Against Bacteria

Lee and colleagues dissected the tissues and brains of cockroaches—which “smell as bad as they look,” Lee said—and locusts in the lab.

(Read more about how locust brains switch on swarming behavior.)

The team tested nine separate types of antibacterial molecules found in the insects’ brains and discovered that each molecule is specialized to kill a different type of bacteria.

This “very clever defense mechanism” allows the bugs to survive in the most dirty of domains, Lee said.

The scientists found the bugs had antibiotics only in their brain tissue, the most essential part of the body, he added.

A bug might live with an infected leg, for instance, but a brain infection would almost certainly be fatal.

Insect-brain drugs for humans are still years away, Lee said, but there’s one hopeful glimmer: When the team added the insect antibiotics to human cells in the lab, there were no toxic effects.

Preliminary findings on antibiotics in bug brains were presented at the Society for General Microbiology meeting held this week at the University of Nottingham.

Source of article

Today’s Quote – 35

Friends come and go but enemies accumulate ~ Arthur Bloch

Punca alergi di rumah

Tempat atau kawasan tertentu di rumah boleh menjadi punca alergi kerana kawasan-kawasan ini selalunya menyediakan tempat tinggal yang sesuai bagi organisma penyebab alergi, seperti hama, kutu, kulat, dsb. Kadang-kadang kawasan penyebab alergi seperti ini tidak berapa diberi perhatian, mungkin kerana kita tidak perasan atau terlepas pandang.

Dengan mengetahui kawasan yang sering menjadi punca alergi di rumah, penjagaan kebersihan kawasan tersebut perlulah diberi perhatian.

Kawasan-kawasan di rumah yang sering menjadi punca alergi telah dikenalpasti seperti yang dipaparkan di bawah ini….

Potted Plants

Have indoor allergies? Beware. Triggers such as mold, dust, and pet dander lurk around every corner — often in unexpected places.

Take a good look at your houseplants. Mold spores, like the ones shown here, can grow in the pots and spread to the floor. To minimize this, remove dead leaves, use saucers, and avoid over-watering.

Pet Hangouts

Pet allergies are common, but Fido’s fur is not to blame. The problem is pet dander — dead skin flakes. It floats, settling on carpets, furniture, and bedding.

Keeping pets out of certain rooms is only partially helpful. Airflow can carry dander throughout the home. Tip: Clean and vacuum often, and wash your hands after playing with your pet.

Carpets and Rugs

Carpeting or area rugs can liven up a room in ways you didn’t intend.

As they accumulate dust, they become a feeding ground for microscopic dust mites. Body parts and feces from dust mites are notorious indoor allergy triggers.

To reduce this problem, use a vacuum with a HEPA filter. Or consider removing the carpeting altogether.

Books

Your food for thought may also be food for pests. Book dust harbors mites, mold spores, and tiny critters called booklice, shown in this slide.

If you find that handling your books triggers your allergies, try vacuuming their surfaces regularly or storing the books in a closed container.

Stuffed Furniture

Upholstered furniture provides a cozy refuge for dust mites. Vacuum furniture fabric regularly. Leather, vinyl, or other smooth surfaces can lessen allergies.

Furniture stored in damp areas, such as basements, may grow mold spores, shown here. Use a dehumidifier in damp rooms to reduce moisture.

Bedding

Spending eight hours in bed each night leaves behind plenty of dead skin cells to attract dust mites.

The most effective way to keep these pests out of your bed is to put allergen-proof casings on the mattress, box spring, and especially the pillows.

Wash your sheets every week. Avoid throw pillows or fancy quilts that can’t be washed.

Plush Toys

If your child has a dust mite allergy, his cuddly friends are probably making things worse.

You don’t have to ban stuffed animals. Instead, look for those that are machine washable and wash them in hot water once a week. Dry them thoroughly.

If your child has a favorite that can’t be washed, place it in the dryer once a week instead.

Bathrooms

We’ve all seen mildew growing on shower tiles. That’s the work of mold spores, which like to settle where it’s warm and wet. Black mold, shown here, often grows in hidden areas as well, contaminating behind walls or below the floor.

The best defense is to keep your bathrooms clean and dry. Fix leaky faucets and other sources of water. Use vent fans after showering. And clean surfaces regularly with a bleach solution.

Kitchen

This is a favorite room for mold. If your refrigerator has a drip pan, pull it out and scrub it regularly. Standing water attracts mold. Old, moldy food can also trigger allergies.

Also, cover trash cans and store food in sealed containers to keep cockroaches away. These nighttime bugs are hard to see, and they trigger allergies in many people.

Air Conditioner

Air conditioning helps keep your home cool and dry, helping to fight allergens. But sometimes it can be part of the problem. As dust collects on the cooling coils, mold, like this cladosporium fungus, may begin to grow.

Keep dust out by installing a heavy-duty filter and changing it regularly. Window A/C units should be professionally cleaned and disinfected every year.

Source

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