Kit pertolongan cemas asas perlu

Alatan atau kit pertolongan cemas yang asas perlu disimpan di setiap rumah dan di dalam kereta, paling senangnya diletakkan di dalam dompet supaya mudah diambil apabila diperlukan. Anda boleh membuat kit pertolongan cemas sendiri yang mengandungi bahan-bahan asas yang diperlukan semasa kecemasan.

Yang pentingnya bahan-bahan tersebut sentiasa disimpan dalam keadaan bersih dan kering, dan juga pastikan tidak melebihi tempoh tarikh lupusnya. Bahan yang telah melampaui tarikh lupusnya hendaklah diganti.

Bahan-bahan asas yang perlu untuk pertolongan cemas termasuklah….

Reviewed by Michael W. Smith, MD

Tweezers

Tweezers are an essential part of any first aid kit, particularly if you enjoy hiking or other outdoor activities. The safest way to remove a splinter or a tick is with a clean pair of tweezers. Disinfect the tweezers well before and after each use.

Anesthetic Spray or Lotion

For painful stings or itchy ant bites, consider carrying an anesthetic spray or lotion. These provide quick relief from mild pain and itching.

Hand Sanitizer and Gloves

If you or a friend gets injured on the go, the last thing you want to do is tend the wound with dirty hands. Alcohol-based gel or wipes can sanitize your hands when soap and water aren’t readily available. Sanitize before, slip on a pair of latex or non-latex exam gloves, and sanitize again after treating the wound.

Pain Relievers

No first aid kit would be complete without medication to relieve pain and bring down a fever. Aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen are popular over-the-counter pain relievers. Aspirin should not be given to anyone under age 18 because of the danger of Reye’s syndrome.

Gauze and Tape

For cuts and scrapes, you can use gauze pads to apply pressure to small wounds until the bleeding subsides. When used with tape, gauze can also serve as a bandage to cover and protect wounds. Adhesive bandages of different sizes can also help protect minor cuts and scrapes.

Wipes or Solution for Cleaning a Wound

Before you bandage, you’ll want to clean scrapes or wounds. Antiseptic wipes or sprays are handy for cleaning injuries when there’s no clean water nearby. Sterile water or saline, such as contact lens saline solution, is good to have for flushing out eye injuries and can be used on other wounds. Available in small bottles, it can also be easy to pack.

Antibiotic Cream

An antibiotic cream or ointment has several key uses. It can help protect minor wounds from infection. It can keep the area moist, which may promote healing. And it can prevent the wound from getting stuck to a bandage.

Oral Antihistamines

Be ready to counter an allergic reaction to insect bites or stings with oral antihistamines. Avoid antihistamine creams because they can worsen the reaction in some people. People with severe allergies should carry injectable epinephrine. It can save a life in the case of anaphylaxis — a severe allergic reaction to triggers such as insect stings or bites, or food.

Creating Your Kit

Once you’ve gathered the essentials for your mobile first aid kit, you’ll need a way to keep them clean and dry. You don’t have to buy a fancy medical bag. A water resistant makeup bag, tool kit, or fanny pack can work well.

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