Today’s Quote – 41

If you want to be happy for a year, plant a garden; If you want to be happy for life, plant a tree ~ English Proverb

Mengenali alergi mata

Mungkin apabila melihat mata seseorang itu merah, kita menjangkakan yang ia sakit mata dan sedaya mungkin kita menjauhkan dirinya daripadanya kerana semua tahu bahawa sakit mata adalah penyakit berjangkit.

Ada juga mata yang merah disebabkan oleh alergi mata. Biasanya alergi boleh dibezakan dengan sakit mata kerana ia disertai dengan bengkak mata dan disebabkan oleh perangsang alergi atau alergen, biasanya merupakan faktor luaran.

Info ringkas tentang alergi mata, sebab dan simptom serta cara rawatannya dipanjangkan di bawah ini….

Eye Allergies

Reviewed by Laura J. Martin, MD

Understanding Eye Allergies

Eye allergies causing red, puffy eyes? You’re not alone — millions of Americans cope with eye allergies, or allergic conjunctivitis. A cold compress can give you a quick fix before heading out in public. But for long-term relief, you need to identify triggers and treat symptoms.

Eye Allergy Symptoms

Symptoms can include redness in the white of the eye or the inner eyelid. Other signs: itchy eyes, tearing, blurred vision, burning sensation, eyelid swelling, and sensitivity to light. Eye allergies can occur alone or with nasal allergies and the allergic skin condition eczema.The only way to know for sure if it’s eye allergies is to see your doctor.

Why Allergies Make Eyes Red

Eye allergies happen when your eyes are exposed to the offending allergen — say pet dander or pollen. Cells in your eyes called mast cells release histamine and other chemicals, causing inflammation. The result: Itchy, red, and watery allergic eyes.

Don’t Rub Your Eyes

It may be tempting, but rubbing itchy eyes can make things worse. Rubbing your eyes may cause the mast cells to release more of the chemicals that caused your eyes to itch in the first place! Instead, take contact lenses out (if you wear them), avoid eye make-up, and apply cool compresses to your eyes.Wash your hands often.

Eye Allergy Cover Up Tips

Apply a hypoallergenic concealer to help hide dark circles. Don’t try to cover up with heavy makeup — it will only call attention to red, watery eyes. Instead, emphasize another feature — wear a pretty lipstick, for example.

Eye Allergy Triggers: Pollen

If your eyes well up around Mother Nature — and not just because of all the beauty she inspires — you may have seasonal allergic conjunctivitis. Grass, tree, and weed pollens are the worst offenders. When pollen counts are high, stay indoors, keep your windows closed and the air conditioner on. Wear sunglasses to keep pollen out of your eyes.

Indoor Eye Allergens: Pet Dander

Pet dander, dust mites, and molds top the list of indoor eye allergens. These triggers tend to cause symptoms all year long. To help control pet allergies, keep the pet out of your bedroom. No dog or cat, but can’t resist playing with a friend’s pet? Limit exposure by washing your hands immediately after you touch the pet. Change clothes as soon as you go home.

Mop Away Allergens

If dust mites trigger your runny, watery eyes, invest in bedding and pillowcases that keep them out. Wash sheets in hot water, and try to keep the humidity levels in your home between 30 and 50%. Clean floors with a damp mop. Don’t sweep, which stirs up allergens.

Eye Allergies and Mold

If indoor molds cause eye problems regularly clean bathrooms, kitchens, and basements where mold lurks. Invest in a dehumidifier, and clean it often. A high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter can help trap mold spores before they attack your eyes.

Treating Eye Allergies

Most drops for eye allergies may have the same medications used to treat nasal allergies: antihistamine, decongestants, and mast cell stabilizers. Antihistamines combat symptoms by blocking the effect of histamine. Mast cell stabilizers reduce inflammation by preventing the release of chemicals such as histamines from mast cells.

Eye Allergy Drops

Tear substitutes rinse the allergens out of your eye and keep eyes moist. Decongestant drops shrink blood vessels in your eyes, which decreases redness. But using them long-term can actually make symptoms worse. Both kinds of eye drops are available over the counter. People with certain conditions should not use certain types of eye drops, so ask your doctor.

Oral Medicines for Eye Allergies

Oral antihistamine and decongestants may help control symptoms of eye allergies. However, oral antihistamines have a tendency to further dry out your eyes and may cause drowsiness. And some OTC decongestants have side effects such as dizziness, or excitability. People with certain conditions shouldn’t take some kinds of oral allergy medications. Talk to your doctor.

Other Kinds of Eye Drops

Antihistamine eye drops reduce swelling, redness, and itching. Some eye drops combine both antihistamines and mast cell stabilizers. These drops are available OTC and by prescription. Other prescription options may include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug eye drops and steroid-based eye drops.

Can Allergy Shots Help?

Allergy shots work well for eye allergies. Allergy shots (immunotherapy) help your immune system get used to the substances that cause your allergy symptoms. They are usually an option for severe allergies. Treatment can take months, and you may still need to use medicine. Are you a candidate? Talk to your doctor.

Ending Eye Allergies

From prevention and OTC artificial tears to prescription eye drops and allergy shots, there is a lot you can do to take the sting out of your eye allergies. Develop a plan of action with your doctor so today is the last day you have to put up with red, watery and itchy eyes.

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Mengenali strok (angin ahmar)

Strok (angin ahmar) merupakan salah satu penyakit yang paling digeruni kerana ia boleh menyerang sesiapa dan bila-bila masa sahaja, selalunya di kalangan orang pertengahan umur hingga tua. Strok boleh menyebabkan seseorang itu lumpuh, mati sebelah badan, hilang deria rasa, tidak boleh bercakap dengan betul dan macam-macam lagi bergantung kepada di kawasan pusat deria otak yang diserang (darah beku/pecah).

Strok ini berkait rapat dengan kandungan kolesterol yang tinggi dalam badan kerana kolesterol inilah yang menyebabkan saluran darah tersumbat atau pecah di otak. Oleh itu, setiap orang harus mempunyai kesedaran supaya memeriksa kandungan kolesterol dalam darah secara berkala untuk memastikan kandungannya tidak melebihi tahap optimum. Sekirannya kandungan kolesterol dalam darah terlalu tinggi, sesuatu tindakan drastik perlu dilakukan untuk menurunkannya, sama ada dengan cara pengambilan ubat atau supplement yang telah diakui boleh menurunkan kolesterol. Jika tidak, risiko mendapat strok sangat tinggi.

Setiap orang sepatutnya diberi pendedahan tentang apa itu strok, bahayanya strok, sebab-sebab terjadinya, simptom/tanda dan langkah-langkah pencegahan yang perlu dititikberatkan.

Berikut adalah maklumat yang penting dan asas mengenai strok (angin ahmar) yang perlu diketahui.

What is a stroke?

A stroke occurs when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or bursts. Without blood and the oxygen it carries, part of the brain starts to die. The part of the body controlled by the damaged area of the brain can’t work properly.

Brain damage can begin within minutes, so it is important to know the symptoms of stroke and act fast. Quick treatment can help limit damage to the brain and increase the chance of a full recovery.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms of a stroke happen quickly. A stroke may cause:

* Sudden numbness, tingling, weakness, or paralysis in your face, arm, or leg, especially on only one side of your body.

* Sudden vision changes.

* Sudden trouble speaking.

* Sudden confusion or trouble understanding simple statements.

* Sudden problems with walking or balance.

* A sudden, severe headache that is different from past headaches.

See your doctor if you have symptoms that seem like a stroke, even if they go away quickly. You may have had a transient ischemic attack (TIA), sometimes called a mini-stroke. A TIA is a warning that a stroke may happen soon. Getting early treatment for a TIA can help prevent a stroke.

What causes a stroke?

There are two types of stroke:

* An ischemic stroke develops when a blood clot blocks a blood vessel in the brain. The clot may form in the blood vessel or travel from somewhere else in the blood system. About 8 out of 10 strokes are ischemic (say “iss-KEE-mick”) strokes. They are the most common type of stroke in older adults.

* A hemorrhagic stroke develops when an artery in the brain leaks or bursts. This causes bleeding inside the brain or near the surface of the brain. Hemorrhagic (say “heh-muh-RAH-jick”) strokes are less common but more deadly than ischemic strokes.

Symptoms can vary depending on whether the stroke is caused by a blood clot (ischemic stroke) or bleeding (hemorrhagic stroke), where the stroke occurs in the brain, and how bad it is.

A stroke usually happens suddenly but may occur over hours. For example, you may have mild weakness at first. Over time, you may not be able to move the arm and leg on one side of your body.

If several smaller strokes occur over time, you may have a more gradual change in walking, balance, thinking, or behavior (multi-infarct dementia).

It is not always easy for people to recognize symptoms of a small stroke. They may mistakenly think the symptoms can be attributed to aging, or the symptoms may be confused with those of other conditions that cause similar symptoms.

How is a stroke diagnosed?

You need to see a doctor right away. If a stroke is diagnosed quickly-right after symptoms start-doctors may be able to use medicines that can help you recover better.

The first thing the doctor needs to find out is what kind of stroke it is: ischemic or hemorrhagic. This is important because the medicine given to treat a stroke caused by a blood clot could be deadly if used for a stroke caused by bleeding in the brain.

To find out what kind of stroke it is, the doctor will do a type of X-ray called a CT scan of the brain, which can show if there is bleeding. The doctor may order other tests to find the location of the clot or bleeding, check for the amount of brain damage, and check for other conditions that can cause symptoms similar to a stroke.

How is it treated?

For an ischemic stroke, treatment focuses on restoring blood flow to the brain. If you get to the hospital right away after symptoms begin, doctors may use a medicine that dissolves blood clots. Research shows that this medicine can improve recovery from a stroke, especially if given within 90 minutes of the first symptoms. Other medicines may be given to prevent blood clots and control symptoms.

A hemorrhagic stroke can be hard to treat. Doctors may do surgery or other treatments to stop bleeding or reduce pressure on the brain. Medicines may be used to control blood pressure, brain swelling, and other problems.

After your condition is stable, treatment shifts to preventing other problems and future strokes. You may need to take a number of medicines to control conditions that put you at risk for stroke, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes. Some people need to have a surgery to remove plaque buildup from the blood vessels that supply the brain (carotid arteries).

The best way to get better after a stroke is to start stroke rehab. The goal of stroke rehab is to help you regain skills you lost or to make the most of your remaining abilities. Stroke rehab can also help you take steps to prevent future strokes. You have the greatest chance of regaining abilities during the first few months after a stroke. So it is important to start rehab soon after a stroke and do a little every day.

Can you prevent a stroke?

After you have had a stroke, you are at risk for having another one. You can make some important lifestyle changes that can reduce your risk of stroke and improve your overall health.

* Don’t smoke. Smoking can more than double your risk of stroke. Avoid secondhand smoke too.

* Eat a heart-healthy diet that includes plenty of fish, fruits, vegetables, beans, high-fiber grains and breads, and olive oil. Eat less salt too.

* Try to do moderate activity at least 2½ hours a week. It’s fine to be active in blocks of 10 minutes or more throughout your day and week. Your doctor can suggest a safe level of exercise for you.

* Stay at a healthy weight.

* Control your cholesterol and blood pressure.

* If you have diabetes, keep your blood sugar as close to normal as possible.

* Limit alcohol. Having more than 1 drink a day (if you are female) or more than 2 drinks a day (if you are male) increases the risk of stroke.

* Take a daily aspirin or other medicines if your doctor advises it.

* Avoid getting sick from the flu. Get a flu shot every year.

Work closely with your doctor. Go to all your appointments, and take your medicines just the way your doctor says to.

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