Mencegah dan merawat kulit terbakar

Kebakaran dan orang mati terbakar sering terjadi di rumah, sama ada secara sedar atau tidak sedar. Oleh itu, langkah berjaga-jaga perlu diambil terutamanya jika ada anak-anak kecil di rumah. Bak kata orang tua-tua, mencegah lebih baik daripada mengubati/merawat.

Dapur merupakan tempat yang selalu terjadi insiden kulit terbakar kerana di situlah tempat memasak dan terdedah kepada api. Kebakaran kulit boleh dikategorikan kepada beberapa tahap atau darjah kritikalnya. Kulit yang terbakar teruk boleh menyebabkan kematian jika tidak mendapat rawatan kecemasan dengan segera.

Untuk makluman dan menambah ilmu pengetahuan, dipanjangkan di sini artikel tentang langkah-langkah pencegahan yang perlu diambil supaya tidak berlaku kebakaran kulit dan kaedah merawat kulit yang terbakar. Ini adalah sebagai bantuan kecemasan atau langkah sementara sebelum pesakit di bawa ke klinik atau hospital…

Preventing and Treating Burns

Reviewed By Brunilda Nazario, MD

In 2008, fire killed more Americans than all natural disasters combined. Countless others suffered burns in the home. Many of these injuries and deaths might have been prevented with a working smoke alarm or some simple home safety tips. With a little thought and preparation, you can protect yourself and the ones you love. Here’s how.

Preventing Burns While Cooking

The kitchen is the heart of the home, and it’s not surprising that most accidental burns occur there. Fortunately, many of these burns can be prevented.

Here are a few tips to help you make your kitchen a safer place.

* Stay in the kitchen while food is cooking.

* Turn pot handles toward the back or center of the stove.

* Keep items such as dish towels, plastic bags, and long sleeves away from the heating surface.

* Never cook while holding a child or pet.

* Keep small children and pets away from the front of the oven or stove.

First Aid for Kitchen Burns

If despite your best efforts, you or a family member suffers a burn in the kitchen, follow these first aid tips:

* Run cool water over the burned area, soak it in cool water (not ice water), or cover it with a clean, cold, wet towel.

* Cover the burn with a sterile bandage or a clean cloth.

* Protect the burn from pressure and friction.

* Use over-the-counter medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen for pain.

* Do not apply butter, ice, fluffy cotton dressing, adhesive bandages, cream, oil spray, or any household remedy to a burn.

* If a burn appears to be severe or you develop signs of infection, call your doctor.

Preventing Scalding Burns

Of the many types of burns that can happen in your home, scalds may be the most unexpected. Thousands of people are injured each year by hot liquids and many of them are young children. Children have thinner skin than adults and are more likely to receive severe burns from hot liquid.

Simple precautions can protect you and your family from scalding burns

* Set your hot water heater to 120 degrees.

* Always test bath water before placing a child in the tub.

* Never leave a child unattended in the bathtub.

* Turn pot handles toward the back or center of the stove so children cannot tip pots over.

* Never warm baby bottles in the microwave; they may heat unevenly and can burn your baby’s mouth.

* Use mugs or coffee cups with lids when you are around children.

* Keep hot liquids like soup, coffee, or tea away from the edge of counters and tables.

First Aid for Scalding Burns

If you or a family member suffers a scalding burn, take the following steps to start healing:

* Remove any clothing that is wet from the hot liquid.

* Slowly cool the injury under running tap water for 30 minutes.

* Do not apply ice, because it may stop important blood flow to the damaged skin.

* Do not apply butter or salves to scald injuries.

Preventing Sunburn

Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the U.S. Repeated sunburns increase the risk of skin cancer, and that’s why it’s so important to protect your skin. To prevent sunburn, wear these:

* Sunscreen. Be sure your sunscreen has an SPF of 15 or higher and provides both UVA and UVB protection. Reapply every two hours when you are in the sun.

* Hat. Choose a hat made of a tightly woven fabric, which protects better than straw or mesh. Make sure it has a brim that goes all the way around the hat.

* Clothing. Tightly woven cloth in darker colors provides the best protection.

* Sunglasses. The sun can hurt your eyes, too. Wearing sunglasses with UVA and UVB protection now may help prevent cataracts later in life.

Use common sense. Shade may provide some protection from sunburn, but you should still protect your skin even when in the shade.

First Aid for Sunburn

While sunburn may lead to cancer later, it can be painful now. Here are some tips to relieve the burn:

* Take ibuprofen to reduce pain and inflammation.

* Apply an over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream or moisturizing cream three times a day to help with swelling and pain. This can also help if sunburn starts to itch later.

* If blisters break, trim off the dead skin with scissors and apply an antibiotic ointment. Don’t intentionally break the blisters.

* Take cool baths or apply cool, wet compresses several times daily. Adding 2 ounces of baking soda to a tub full of cool water may also help.

* Do not apply petroleum jelly, butter, or ointments to sunburn.

Surviving House Fires

While sunburn, scalds, and burns are painful, house fires can be deadly.The United States has one of the highest fire death rates per capita in the industrialized world.

Here’s how you can help protect your family in this potentially deadly situation.

* Have a smoke alarm. If you don’t have smoke alarms, get them. Advanced warning of fire gives you and your family precious moments to escape from a burning home. Approximately 4 out of 10 home fire deaths occur in homes without smoke alarms. Smoke alarms range in price from $6 to $20, and many fire departments offer them for free or at a reduced price.

* Make sure alarms work. If you have smoke alarms, be sure they are working properly. It’s a good idea to check your smoke alarms at least twice a year. An easy reminder is to test your smoke detectors and replace the batteries each year when daylight saving time begins and ends.

* Have fire extinguishers on hand. For small home fires, a fire extinguisher may prevent damage and injury. However, fire extinguishers should only be used by adults. A good home fire extinguisher should be labeled “ABC.” This means it is appropriate for use on all types of fires. Store your fire extinguisher near an exit and out of reach of children. Before you attempt to use a fire extinguisher, assess the fire. If it is spreading or is to large, leave the building immediately and call 911.

* Make an escape plan. A fire can double in size in less than 30 seconds, and a room may be completely engulfed in flames very quickly. Once a fire starts, it’s too late to plan. Making a plan before there’s a fire can save lives.

Your escape plan should include:

o Two ways to escape every room in your home. Draw a floor plan of your home and go over it with all family members.

o A place outside of your home to meet in the event of a fire. Choose a place nearby where your family can plan to gather.

o Have fire drills at home. Practicing your plan could save lives. Practice crawling out of the house with your eyes closed. During a fire, the smoke can make it very hard to see, and staying low may keep you from breathing more smoke and hot gasses.

With a little planning and care, you can keep yourself and those you love safe from the danger and pain of fire and accidental burns.

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