Tsunami besar melanda timur laut Jepun – Sendai (11 Mac 2011)

Tsunami terburuk di Jepun dalam tempoh 140 tahun, terhasil daripada gempa bumi dengan 8.9 skala Richter.

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Rawatan alternatif sakit bawah tulang belakang

Selain daripada ubat penahan sakit yang disarankan oleh doktor atau fisioterapi yang dijalankan di hospital, pesakit bawah tulang belakang juga boleh menjalankan rawatan alternatif yang terbukti berkesan untuk melegakan kesakitan ini.

Penulis artikel di bawah ini menyarankan 7 kaedah rawatan alternatif yang boleh dilakukan, iaitu akupunktur, teknik Alexander, teknik rileks (biofeedback), chiropractic, urutan, meditasi dan yoga. Perincian bagi setiap teknik tersebut dipanjangkan di bawah ini.

Namun begitu, bagi orang Islam, meditasi lebih sesuai digantikan dengan zikir dan tafakur manakala yoga pula lebih sesuai digantikan dengan solat wajib dan juga solat sunat. Selain itu, rawatan secara Islam dengan menggunakan ayat-ayat Al-Quran merupakan satu lagi alternatif yang boleh diamalkan. Sebaik-baiknya berjumpalah dengan pengamal perubatan Islam yang bertauliah dan telah diakui keberkesanannya.

Alternative Treatments for Low Back Pain

From acupuncture to biofeedback, natural ways to relieve lower back pain.

By David Freeman
Reviewed By Brunilda Nazario, MD

From acupuncture to yoga, many different alternative treatments purport to relieve chronic back pain. Which are worth trying?

“As long as you’ve had your back pain problem checked out by a doctor to rule out a serious disease, it would be reasonable to try any of a number of alternative treatments,” says Daniel C. Cherkin, PhD, a senior investigator at Group Health Research Institute in Seattle who has conducted research on alternative medical techniques for back pain.

Of course, experts say it’s best to stick with the alternative treatments that are proven to be safe and potentially effective. Here are seven:

1. Acupuncture

Can inserting needles in your body really relieve lower back pain? Recent studies, including a randomized trial of acupuncture published in the Archives of Internal Medicine, suggest that it may. The only question seems to be why this ancient healing tradition works.

Practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine maintain that the needles affect the flow of a “vital energy” known as qi (pronounced chee) within the body. Some scientists suggest that it works by triggering the release of natural painkillers known as endorphins.

Donald B. Levy, MD, medical director of Brigham and Women’s Hospital’s Osher Clinical Center for Complementary and Integrative Medical Therapies in Chestnut Hill, Mass., says that how acupuncture works may not matter, at least from the patient’s perspective. “I can’t explain how my car works,” says Levy, who is also an assistant clinical professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School in Boston. “I just know that if I turn the key properly in the ignition, it starts.”

Acupuncture needles typically stay in place for 20 to 30 minutes, and several sessions may be required.

2. Alexander technique

This type of physical therapy uses hands-on training to teach people to avoid specific postures and ways of moving that cause pain by placing undue strain on the musculoskeletal system. It pays particular attention to releasing tension in the neck, back, and spine. Its name comes from an Australian actor named F. M. Alexander, who developed the technique.

There isn’t a lot of research on the Alexander technique, but one study published in the journal BMJ showed that people given one-on-one training in the technique reduced their back pain. “This is an effective technique to improve pain and function in the long term,” one of the study’s authors, Paul Little, PhD, professor of primary care research at the University of Southampton in England, told the author in an email. But “it’s not a magic bullet. It requires time and application.”

3. Biofeedback

This high-tech treatment can help you learn to loosen tight muscles by using your mind to control your body. To learn biofeedback, sensors are applied to your body that give continuous feedback about body functions such as heart rate, breathing, blood pressure, muscle tension, and brain wave activity. A biofeedback therapist teaches you relaxation techniques so you can see how to control a specific body function. As you become aware of the connection between the mind and the body, you may be able to reduce muscle tension and relieve pain.

Although there’s no compelling evidence to show that biofeedback works specifically for chronic back pain, there is evidence that it can ease chronic pain generally. It’s worth a try, Cherkin says.

4. Chiropractic

Chiropractic’s signature treatment, spinal manipulation, may help relieve back pain. The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine reports that spinal manipulation “appears to be as effective as conventional treatments.”

“We don’t know what’s going on in the body [during spinal manipulation],” says William C. Meeker, DC, president of Palmer College of Chiropractic in San Jose, Calif. “But we know that it alleviates sensations of pain and soreness and increases joint mobility.”

During your first visit, the chiropractor will usually take a medical history and do a physical exam that focuses closely on the spine. In subsequent visits, the chiropractor will use twisting, pulling, or pushing movements to adjust the bones and joints in your spine. The chiropractor may also use heat, electrical stimulation, or ultrasound to relax your muscles.

Physical therapists, osteopaths, and even some conventional medical doctors use spinal manipulation, too. Health insurance plans often cover the cost of chiropractic care.

5. Massage

It feels good to get a massage, and massage does ease the muscle tension that often accompanies back pain. Though few studies have looked at massage as a remedy for chronic back pain, Cherkin says all showed positive results. Cherkin’s own study, the largest of its kind, showed that back pain sufferers treated with 10 weekly massage visits got long-lasting pain relief.

6. Meditation

A kind of meditation known as mindfulness may help ease chronic back pain, possibly by changing emotions that tend to make pain worse. “The emotional component of pain cannot be overestimated,” says Natalia E. Morone, MD, assistant professor of medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

“Mindfulness helps people become aware of thoughts, emotions, and sensations without judging them,” Morone says. She says that the overall pain-relieving effect of mindfulness appears small, though some people who participated in her studies experienced dramatic pain relief. Others said that, although they continued to have back pain, it didn’t bother them as much.

7. Yoga

For anyone with a bad back, learning yoga might sound like the ultimate bad dream. Why would anyone wracked with pain want to try poses (asanas) with names like “Cobra Posture” and “Supine Butterfly?” But research suggests that this ancient movement-and-meditation technique can ease chronic back pain. In one study, people with back pain who took 12 classes learning a gentle, easy-to-do form of yoga known as viniyoga had pain relief that lasted at least several months.

“Yoga was clearly better than self-care,” says one of the study’s authors, Karen J. Sherman, PhD, senior investigator at Group Health Research Institute. “It’s certainly worth trying, but only if you’re willing to practice.” She recommends finding a yoga instructor who has experience working with people who have back pain, and cautions that physically demanding forms of yoga could actually make back pain worse.

Source

Nasihat – 39

“Janganlah kamu menghendaki kelebihan dan kekurangan. Janganlah mencari kemajuan dan kemunduran. Sebab ketentuan telah menetapkan bahagian masing2. Setiap orang di antara kamu, tidak diwujudkan melainkan telah ditentukan catatan mengenai pengalaman hidupnya secara khusus.” ~ Syeikh Abdul Qadir Al-Jailani

Petikan Buku: Al-Fath Ar-Rabbani (Hakikat Pengabdian).

Risiko maut di rumah

Maklumat yang baik untuk dikongsi, sebagai peringatan kepada ibu bapa terutama yang mempunyai anak-anak kecil….

Sumber asal: myMetro 12/3/2011

TIDAK ramai yang tahu bahawa kebanyakan kes kematian kanak-kanak di rumah adalah berpunca daripada keracunan secara tidak sengaja.

Mengikut kajian yang dijalankan Institut Pediatrik Hospital Kuala Lumpur (IPHKL), sepanjang 1990-an, hampir 84 peratus kes kemalangan di rumah adalah berkaitan keracunan, lapan peratus disebabkan patah tulang diikuti melecur lima peratus dan luka tiga peratus.

Keadaan ini mungkin tidak banyak berubah di zaman milenium ini. Mengikut kajian yang sama, lebih 80 peratus daripada kes kemalangan itu membabitkan anak-anak berumur di bawah enam tahun.

Ini menunjukkan mereka memerlukan orang dewasa untuk memastikan keselamatan di rumah terjamin.

Menurut Perunding Keibubapaan Bertauliah, Zaid Mohamad, yang juga penulis buku Ibu Bapa Bijak, Anak Hebat, rumah sepatutnya menjadi tempat perlindungan kanak-kanak dan bebas daripada risiko kecederaan fizikal dan mental.

Menjadi tanggungjawab ibu bapa mengambil langkah proaktif sebelum kemalangan berlaku. Ini hanya mengambil masa beberapa saat saja untuk anak-anak ditimpa bencana, namun kesannya mungkin kekal seumur hidup.

Ibu bapa juga perlu bijak menilai apa yang dilihat oleh anak-anak kecil di bawah usia enam tahun daripada sudut pandangan mereka.

Bagi ibu bapa bekerja, risikonya akan meningkat dua atau tiga kali ganda.

Justeru, usaha membina rumah yang selamat hendaklah dibuat secara kerjasama dengan semua ahli rumah, termasuk adik-beradik yang sudah besar dan pembantu rumah.

Menurutnya, ibu bapa sering terlupa anak-anak kecil mempunyai sifat ingin tahu yang sangat tinggi. Bagi mereka, semuanya nampak sangat menarik dan ingin dicuba.

Langkah proaktif yang boleh diambil bergantung kepada jenis risiko itu sendiri seperti:

Risiko
– Keracunan
– Ubat-ubatan cecair
– Pil
– Bahan kimia
– Racun
– ahan pencuci rumah
– Minyak enjin motor dan kereta

Apa yang anak-anak kecil ini lihat daripada pandangan mereka?

– Sesuatu yang berwarna-warni, menarik perhatian dan nampak sedap. Pil ubatan dianggap seperti gula-gula.

Mereka juga mencontohi orang dewasa yang mengambil ubatan terbabit dan ingin mencubanya dengan meminum sendiri, satu dos yang kecil saja boleh membawa musibah.

– Seperkara lagi, anak-anak kecil amat bangga dan suka jika mereka boleh menolong ibu bapa membersihkan rumah atau membaiki kereta. Bahan kimia yang digunakan boleh membawa kecelakaan kepada mereka.

Langkah proaktif perlu diambil bersama oleh seluruh penghuni rumah termasuk pembantu rumah:

– Simpan di tempat tinggi dan tertutup dari pandangan.

– Biarkan di dalam bekas asal.

– Jangan sesekali menyimpannya di dalam bekas yang pernah digunakan untuk menyimpan makanan.

– Elakkan dari mereka melihat kita mengambil ubatan kerana mungkin mereka akan meniru.

– Galakkan mereka membantu kerja anda di rumah tetapi pastikan tugas itu selamat dan sentiasa di bawah pemerhatian anda. Dengan cara itu, mereka berasa puas hati dan tidak mahu lagi mencubanya sendirian.

Risiko Barangan dapur

– Tong gas
– Periuk dan kuali bertangkai
– Cerek air panas
– Barangan kaca
– Lantai licin, basah dan berminyak
– Barangan tajam
– Laci kabinet terbuka

Apa yang anak-anak kecil ini lihat daripada pandangan mereka?

– Anak-anak akan nampak semua ini sebagai barang permainan menarik. Pisau dan garfu boleh dijadikan pedang.

– Bagi anak perempuan, mereka juga tertarik untuk mencuba memotong atau memasak di dapur.

– Sikap ingin tahu yang membuak-buak terutama apabila cerek berbunyi atau masakan menggelegak.

– Mereka juga suka menyelongkar di dalam laci untuk mengetahui isi kandungannya.

Langkah proaktif mesti diambil bersama oleh seluruh penghuni rumah termasuk pembantu rumah:

– Simpan benda-benda berbahaya, tajam dan mudah pecah di tempat terkunci atau tinggi.

– Galakkan mereka bermain dengan barang permainan yang lebih sesuai.

-Jika mereka ingin membantu, jangan halang tetapi galakkan mereka dengan memberi tugas yang selamat seperti mengasingkan bahan, menepuk tepung dan membersihkan sayur.

– Pastikan dapur sentiasa kemas, bersih dan kering selepas digunakan.

– Tangkai periuk dan kuali hendaklah diarahkan ke dalam, bukannya keluar dan senang dicapai.

– Pastikan wayar elektrik tidak mudah dicapai dan masih berkeadaan baik untuk mengelakkan kejutan.

Risiko Takungan air

Apa yang anak-anak kecil ini lihat daripada pandangan mereka

– Sesuatu yang amat menggembirakan! Pantang Nampak.

Langkah proaktif mesti diambil bersama oleh seluruh penghuni rumah termasuk pembantu rumah:

– Jangan sesekali biarkan baldi atau bekas air yang berisi dibiarkan begitu saja.

– Jika sedang memandikan anak, jangan tinggalkan dia bersendirian walaupun hanya beberapa saat.

Risiko Kejutan elektrik

Apa yang anak-anak kecil ini lihat daripada pandangan mereka?

– Lubang plag elektrik seakan-akan mengundang untuk dicucuk-cucuk.

Langkah proaktif mesti diambil bersama oleh seluruh penghuni rumah termasuk pembantu rumah:

-Tutup lubang plag dengan peralatan khas terutamanya jika ia di paras lantai.

-Jangan biarkan peralatan dan wayar elektrik terbuka tanpa kawalan.

Banyak lagi bahaya yang menunggu di rumah jika ibu bapa tidak peka. Jika ibu bapa menyayangi anak-anak, ini adalah langkah asas dalam memastikan keadaan fizikal mereka sentiasa selamat.

Setelah rumah selamat, barulah kita boleh menumpukan perhatian untuk membina sahsiah, kerohanian dan intelektual mereka di samping menguatkan ikatan perhubungan kasih sayang sesama keluarga.

Kelazatan berdamping dengan Allah

“Kelazatan berdampingan dengan Allah itu tidak akan aku tukarkan dengan kerajaan dunia.” ~ Abu Yazid Al-Bistami.

Vitamin D dan alergik pada kanak-kanak & remaja

Kajian terkini menunjukkan bahawa kekurangan vitamin D berkait rapat dengan risiko kanak-kanak dan remaja, dari umur 1 hingga 21 tahun, mendapat alergik. Risiko alergik ini tidak ketara pada orang dewasa. Kanak-kanak dan remaja mudah mendapat alergik apabila makan udang atau makanan laut lain, atau terdedah kepada anjing, lipas dan berbagai jenis rumput di luar. Di antara khasiat Vitamin D ialah memberi kesan anti bengkak (anti-inflammation), oleh itu ia dapat mengurangkan kesan alergik.

Justeru, untuk mengelakkan kesan alergik ini, ibu bapa perlu memastikan anak masing-masing tidak mengalami kekurangan vitamin D.

Sebahagian besar vitamin D (80-90%) diperolehi dengan terdedah kepada cahaya matahari. Selain itu, vitamin D juga boleh didapati melalui makanan. Di antara makanan yang mengandungi sedikit vitamin D ialah lemak ikan, seperti herring, tenggiri (mackerel), sardin dan tuna. Vitamin D juga selalunya ditambah dalam bahan makanan seperti susu, mentega, keju, jus minuman dan makanan bijirin (cereals) sebagai vitamin D tambahan.

Ringkasan hasil kajian tersebut dipanjangkan dalam artikel ringkas di bawah ini…..

Low Vitamin D Linked to Allergy Risk in Kids

Study Shows Greater Risk of Allergies for Kids and Adolescents Who Don’t Get Enough Vitamin D

By Bill Hendrick
Reviewed by Laura J. Martin, MD

Feb. 25, 2011 — Children who don’t get enough vitamin D may be at increased risk of developing allergies, new research indicates.

Researchers in New York examined serum vitamin D levels in the blood of more than 3,100 children and adolescents and 3,400 adults.

No association was found between low vitamin D levels and allergies in adults, but the link was significant in children and adolescents.

Children and adolescents aged 1 to 21 with low vitamin D levels were at increased risk of having sensitivities to 11 of 17 allergens tested, including environmental and food allergies.

For example, children who had vitamin D deficiency, which was defined as less than 15 nanograms of vitamin D per milliliter of blood, were 2.4 times more likely to have a peanut allergy than kids with sufficient levels, or 30 nanograms of vitamin D per milliliter of blood.

Children with low vitamin D levels also had increased risk of allergic sensitization to shrimp, dogs, cockroaches, ragweed, oak, ryegrass, Bermuda grass, and thistle.

Avoiding Vitamin D Deficiency

The data came from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2006 (NHANES), which is a program of studies aimed at assessing the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the U.S.

The study participants underwent blood tests measuring levels of Immunoglobulin E(IgE), a protein that is produced when the immune system responds to allergens.

Researchers say their findings don’t prove that insufficient vitamin D causes allergies in children and adolescents, but strongly suggests that young people should get adequate amounts of the vitamin.

“The latest dietary recommendations calling for children to take in 600 IU of vitamin D daily should keep them from becoming vitamin D deficient,” researcher Michal Melamed, MD, MHS, of the Albert Einstein College Medicine of Yeshiva University, says in a news release.

The study says vitamin D is thought to have anti-inflammatory effects in the body.

The researchers note that the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is increasing in the U.S., and so is the prevalence of food allergies.

The study is published in the Feb. 17 online edition of the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

Source

Today’s Quote – 151

“It does not matter how slowly you go so long as you do not stop.” ~ Confucius

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