Petua: Rahsia kelihatan muda

Semua orang hendak kelihatan muda dan sesetengahnya amat fobia dengan perkataan “tua”, kerana tua itu dikaitkan dengan kulit berkedut, rambut menipis dan beruban. Proses penuaan adalah proses semulajadi yang harus dialami oleh semua orang dan proses ini tidak dapat dielakkan, namun begitu proses penuaan ini boleh dilambatkan daripada kadar sebenarnya, yang juga dikenali sebagai awet muda. Berbagai bangsa di dunia ini mempunyai petua atau rahsia tersendiri untuk awet muda ini. Namun cara tradisi ini tidak berapa disebarluaskan, cuma diamalkan di kalangan mereka sahaja. Ada pula orang yang sanggup menghabiskan wang yang banyak demi hendak kelihatan muda, seperti penggunaan Botox, pembedahan plastik, suntikan vitamin C, dsb.

Untuk kelihatan muda atau awet muda, selain penjagaan kulit yang baik dan betul, faktor dalaman termasuk kerohanian yang bersih serta minda yang tenang dan sihat juga memainkan peranan yang penting. Oleh itu, kedua-dua faktor luaran dan dalaman harus diberi perhatian yang sama.

Petua orang-orang tua, jika hendak kelihatan muda minumlah air suam sebaik saja bangun tidur setiap hari dan didahului dengan membaca solawat 3 kali. Selain itu, urutan muka juga perlulah betul. Satu daripada cara urutan muka untuk melambatkan kedut ialah dengan cara meletakkan jari telunjuk kedua-dua belah tangan di atas dagu, kemudian pusing-pusingkan jari anda ke pipi, bawa ke hidung dan seterusnya ke dahi. Selepas urutan muka ini, minum air suam dengan membaca solawat 3 kali.

Orang yang sentiasa ceria dan senyum, tidak dinafikan, kelihatan jauh lebih muda daripada umurnya yang sebenar. Sebaliknya, orang seringkali susah hati, stres, murung, cemas dan hati tidak tenteram selalunya kelihatan lebih tua daripada umurnya.

Petua-petua moden untuk awet wajah muda lebih menitikberatkan penjagaan dan rawatan kulit serta penggunaan makeup yang sesuai seperti dalam artikel yang panjangkan di bawah ini. Bagi sesiapa yang rajin dan ingin menjaga kejelitaan, bolehlah cuba petua-petua ini …

Look Younger Secrets that Work

Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

Start With Primer

If you’re old enough for laugh lines, a skin care makeover can give you a fresher, younger look. Our skin dries and thins with age, so products used five years ago may look quite matronly today. A better routine calls for skin primer, according to Robin Rylant, a celebrity makeup artist who’s worked with Celine Dion. A high-quality primer fills in small wrinkles, making them less visible.

Forego Thick Foundation

If you still slather foundation directly over aging skin, you’re likely adding years to your look. That thick top coat tends to break into deep cracks, which look far worse than the fine lines you’re tried to hide. Instead, apply moisturizer, primer, then a light liquid foundation for additional skin-plumping moisture. Ryland suggests tapping it in gently with a sponge, rather than rubbing it in.

Avoid Clown Eyes

Applying flattering eye makeup requires precision. Unfortunately, eyesight tends to decline with age. “If you don’t see as well, you may not get the makeup on correctly,” Ryant says. The results can include clownish amounts of eye shadow or crooked eyeliner. The solution: “Get yourself a good magnifying mirror.”

Enhance the Shape of the Eye

As we age, the eyelids tend to droop, so the goal is to draw attention away from the lid and toward the actual eye. Eyeliner is the key. Apply it in a thin streak along the line where the lashes begin, top and bottom. This will enhance the shape of your eye and create the illusion of thicker lashes. Use soft shades and a light touch when applying eye shadow.

Put Eyebrows Back On

“Eyebrows are extremely important because they frame the face,” Ryant says. But the brows tend to grow thinner and grayer with age. To “put eyebrows back on,” Ryant recommends using eyebrow pencil that complements your hair color. Placing powder over the pencil will help it stay put. Some people choose to have eyebrows permanently tattooed, but the FDA and Consumer Reports has raised safety concerns about this practice.

Don’t Let the Lips “Bleed”

Few things draw attention to wrinkles like bleeding lip color. This happens because lipstick is a cream, and it tends to slip into any low spaces — including the lines around your lips. To keep color from traveling, use moisturizer, then coat the lips with foundation before applying lipstick.

Plump Up the Lips

Ryant offers three steps for creating plumper, younger-looking lips. Begin by coating the lips with foundation. Next, line the lips and fill them in completely with pencil. Finally, use a lipstick brush to apply a lip-plumping lipstick. Ryant sees good results, though Consumer Reports suggests the plumping may be modest. Choose a color with enough pigment to enhance the lips without being over-the-top bright.

Keep Lips Moist

Even the best quality makeup will have a tough time concealing dry, flaky lips. For this reason, it’s essential to moisturize often. Lip balms with shea butter, petroleum jelly, or vitamin E work well, says Ryant. Look for a product with sunscreen to protect against the sun’s drying effect. If you use extended-wear lipstick, be sure to let the stain dry completely before applying lip balm.

Whiten Stained Teeth

Whitening toothpastes can help remove surface stains so your teeth look about one shade lighter. To go deeper, try peroxide-based whitening gels or strips. These products bleach the enamel of your teeth to change your natural tooth color. For the most dramatic results, an in-office treatment with your dentist can make the teeth visibly whiter in less than an hour. Several treatments may be needed to get the desired shade.

Rejuvenate Tired Eyes

If your eyes look tired, the most obvious solution may be to get more rest. Sleep triggers the release of hormones that help the skin remain thicker and more elastic. To reduce eye puffiness, cut back on salt and stay well hydrated. You can also try soothing swollen eyes with cool cucumber slices or moist tea bags.

Reduce Dark Circles

Getting enough sleep can also minimize dark circles under the eyes. But in some people, the discoloration comes from too much pigmentation in the skin. In that case, creams containing lightening agents such as retinol, hydroquinone, green tea, or vitamin C may help. To camouflage dark circles, use a concealer one shade lighter than your skin and yellowish in tone.

Wear Sunglasses

Sunglasses do triple-duty in the quest to look younger. A good pair will protect the delicate skin around the eyes from sun damage. It will also keep you from squinting, a motion that can create additional wrinkles over time. Finally, sunglasses may help delay cataracts, cloudy areas on the eyes’ lenses that can diminish your vision. Long-term exposure to the sun’s UV rays can increase the risk for cataracts.

Boost Thinning Hair

You can give thinning hair the illusion of more body with some simple styling tricks. Use a large round brush to lift the hair and add volume. To set the style, use the cool button on your hairdryer. Styling with hot rollers is another good option. If you’re looking for a low-maintenance way to add body, Ryant suggests a perm.

Don’t Fret Over Grays

There’s currently a trend toward embracing gray hair. To make the most of this look, Ryant recommends using a good conditioner and shine enhancer to keep the gray rich. If your skin is very pale, light gray or white hair could make you look washed out. In that case, you might want to punch up your hair color. There are effective over-the-counter dyes for covering gray. Just remember that they should never be used on the eyebrows or lashes.

Exfoliate

Exfoliation gets rid of dead, dry skin cells to reveal the fresher skin underneath. You can use a washcloth, along with an exfoliating cleanser, to gently scrub your face and body. Exfoliating regularly will help remove dull, flaky skin. But be careful not to scrub too hard or you could leave the skin raw and irritated.

<span style="color:maroon;">Target Wrinkles With Retinoids

These chemical relatives of vitamin A can reduce the appearance of fine wrinkles for a more youthful look. Creams that require a prescription have the best track record, including tretinoin, tarazotene, and their brand-name versions. A less potent, OTC form is available too, called retinol. The best results come from regular use over several weeks or months. All can cause redness, irritation, peeling, and can make your skin more sensitive to the sun.

Fight Crow’s Feet With AHAs

Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) are found in fruits, sugar cane, milk, and other foods. When applied topically, they exfoliate and remove the outer layer of dead skin cells, which may help reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. The results may be most apparent in the thin skin around the eyes. Mild skin irritation and redness can occur, and your skin may be extra sensitive to the sun while using AHAs.

Fade Age Spots With Hydroquinone

Hydroquinone is the active ingredient in popular bleaching creams. It interferes with the skin’s production of melanin, the pigment that gives age spots their color. Hydroquinone is available over the counter or in stronger concentrations by prescription. Kojic acid is another skin lightener available in OTC products or by prescription.

Fight Damage With Antioxidants

Antioxidants are vitamins and minerals that can counter the damage caused in your body and skin by free radicals. You can eat foods rich in antioxidants or apply antioxidant creams directly to the skin. Studies suggest that topical vitamin C maybe especially helpful to minimize the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Check with a dermatologist for products that contain enough vitamin C to be effective.

Eat Salmon for Smoother Skin

Salmon offers a treasure trove of nutrients for the skin. It’s packed with protein, a critical building block of healthy skin. And, along with other fatty fish, it’s rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3s may help fight wrinkles by keeping the skin plump.

Pamper Your Hands

The skin on the hands has very little fatty tissue underneath and can easily become crinkled when dry. Applying moisturizer throughout the day can draw water into the skin to help hands look plumper and more youthful. Look for a moisturizer that contains glycerin, shea butter, or safflower seed oil. You can also use lightening creams to fade age spots on the hands.

Strengthen Your Nails

Prevent brittle nails by avoiding harsh soaps and moisturizing with thick creams or petroleum jelly. Vitamin B7 supplements, also called biotin, may help soften brittle, breakable nails. Ask your health care professional what amount is right for you. To avoid unsightly hangnails and ingrown nails, be sure to trim your nails correctly. Look for nippers that are shaped to follow the natural curve of the nail.

Soften Your Heels

After decades of walking, most people develop thick layers of skin on the heels and balls of the feet. While you’re unlikely to regain the soft soles of your youth, you can take steps to shrink the calluses. Begin by soaking your feet in hot water. Once the dead skin is moist, you may be able to remove some of it by scrubbing with a pumice stone.

Don’t Smoke

One of the surest ways to protect against skin damage is to avoid cigarettes. Studies of twins suggest smokers have skin that is more wrinkled and up to 40% thinner than nonsmokers. Researchers believe tobacco smoke releases an enzyme that breaks down collagen and elastin, compounds that are vital to the skin’s structure and elasticity.

Use a Broad Spectrum Sunscreen

You probably know that sunscreen can ward off wrinkles by blocking the sun’s harmful rays. But did you know that SPF refers only to protection against ultraviolet B rays? It turns out that ultraviolet A rays may play a larger role in causing wrinkles. To block both UVA and UVB rays, look for a broad-spectrum or multi-spectrum sunscreen.

For More Dramatic Results …

If your home-care regimen doesn’t give you the look you want, procedures can yield more dramatic results. A dermatologist can plump up laugh lines with injectable fillers. Those derived from the botulinum toxin are popular for the brow area, and are not toxic, despite the name. Chemical peels and dermabrasion can soften fine lines and age spots. And laser resurfacing is effective for reducing wrinkles and discoloration.

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Today’s Quote – 155

“The most important ingredient we put into any relationship is not what we say or what we do, but what we are.” ~ Stephen R. Covey

Ubat penyebab rambut gugur

Selain daripada faktor genetik dan rasa tertekan (stres) yang menyebabkan hormon tidak seimbang dalam badan atau tekanan psikologi, rambut juga boleh gugur sebagai kesan sampingan daripada pengambilan ubat tertentu untuk merawat penyakit lain (seperti kanser dan sebagainya).

Rambut gugur dan diganti semula adalah normal kerana rambut mempunyai kitaran pertumbuhannya sendiri, iaitu fasa anagen, katagen dan telogen. Fasa anagen ialah fasa pertumbuhan rambut (tempoh 18-20 minggu); fasa katagen ialah tempoh yang pendek yang dikenali sebagai fasa antara iaitu sebelum fasa rehat rambut (fasa telogen); fasa telogen ialah fasa rehat di mana pada fasa ini rambut gugur secara normal dan digantikan dengan rambut baru yang akan mengulang fasa anagen.

Selalunya keguguran rambut yang disebabkan oleh pengambilan ubat-ubat tertentu terjadi pada dua fasa kitaran rambut iaitu fasa telogen (rehat) dan fasa anagen (pertumbuhan). Jika ubat diambil semasa fasa telogen, keguguran rambut akan terjadi selepas 2 – 4 bulan, dan rambut gugur sebanyak 100 – 150 helai sehari. Sebaliknya, jika ubat yang menyebabkan keguguran rambut diambil semasa fasa anagen (semasa pertumbuhan aktif rambut), rambut akan gugur hanya selepas beberapa hari hingga beberapa minggu. Keguguran rambut yang cepat ini disebabkan ubat tersebut akan menghalang sel matriks membahagi untuk menghasilkan sel baru. Keguguran rambut jenis ini boleh menyebabkan semua rambut gugur, dan dalam keadaan yang serius ia boleh menyebabkan bulu kening, bulu mata dan bulu lain di badan gugur.

Maklumat terperinci dan jenis-jenis ubat yang boleh menyebabkan keguguran rambut dipanjangkan di bawah ini….

Drug-Induced Hair Loss

Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

Medications are designed to treat a variety of health conditions, but sometimes they can have unwanted side effects — including changes to the hair. Certain drugs can contribute to excess hair growth, changes in hair color or texture, or hair loss.

Drug-induced hair loss, like any other type of hair loss, can have a real effect on your self-esteem. The good news is that in most cases, it’s easily reversible once you stop taking the drug.

How Do Drugs Cause Hair Loss?

Drugs cause hair loss by interfering with the normal cycle of scalp hair growth. During the anagen phase, which lasts for three to four years, the hair grows. During the telogen phase, which lasts about three months, the hair rests. At the end of the telogen phase, the hair falls out and is replaced by a new hair.

Medications can lead to two types of hair loss: telogen effluvium and Anagen effluvium.

Telogen effluvium is the most common form of drug-induced hair loss. It usually appears within two to four months after taking the drug. This condition causes the hair follicles to go into their resting phase (telogen) and fall out too early. People with telogen effluvium usually shed between 100 and 150 hairs a day.

Anagen effluvium is hair loss that occurs during the anagen phase of the hair cycle, when the hairs are actively growing. It prevents the matrix cells, which produce new hairs, from dividing normally. This type of hair loss usually occurs within a few days to weeks after taking the medication. It’s most common in people who are taking chemotherapy drugs and is often severe, causing people to lose most or all of the hair on their head, as well as their eyebrows, eyelashes, and other body hairs.

The severity of drug-induced hair loss depends on the type of drug and dosage, as well as your sensitivity to that drug.

What Types of Drugs Cause Hair Loss?

Many different types of drugs are thought to cause hair loss, including:

* Acne medications containing vitamin A (retinoids)
* Antibiotics and antifungal drugs
* Antidepressants
* Birth control pills
* Anticlotting drugs
* Cholesterol-lowering drugs
* Drugs that suppress the immune system
* Drugs that treat breast cancer
* Epilepsy drugs (anticonvulsants)
* High blood pressure medications (anti-hypertensives), such as beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and diuretics
* Hormone replacement therapy
* Mood stabilizers
* Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
* Parkinson’s disease drugs
* Steroids
* Thyroid medications
* Weight loss drugs

Chemotherapy drugs often lead to the anagen effluvium type of hair loss. As these drugs kill cancer cells throughout the body, they also can damage healthy cells, including hair matrix cells. The hair typically starts to fall out within two weeks of starting chemotherapy and progresses more rapidly after 1-2 months, according to the American Cancer Society. Hair loss is more common and severe in patients taking combinations of chemotherapy drugs than in those who take just one drug.

Chemotherapy drugs that tend to cause hair loss include:

* adriamycin
* cyclophosphamide
* cactinomycin
* docetaxel
* doxorubicin
* etoposide
* ifosfamide
* irinotecan
* paclitaxel
* topotecan
* vinorelbine

How Is Drug-Induced Hair Loss Diagnosed?

If you are experiencing hair loss, your doctor will ask you several questions, including:

* When did the hair loss start?
* How quickly has the hair been falling out?
* What other symptoms do you have, such as scalp itching, burning, or tingling?
* What drugs were you taking in the four months leading up to the hair loss?
* What other illnesses do you have?
* Have you made any changes to your diet or hair-care routine?

The doctor also will examine your scalp to look at the pattern of hair loss.

Tests that may be done include:

* Thyroid function tests to look for thyroid disorders, which can sometimes cause hair loss
* Hair shaft exam to look at the shape, length, and fragility of the hairs
* Pull test: gently pulling on about 60 hairs to see how many come out
* Biopsy: removing a piece of scalp tissue for examination
* Hormone tests

It can be difficult to prove which drug is causing the hair loss, or even that a drug is to blame. Your doctor may ask you to stop taking one drug at a time and see whether your hair stops falling out, but it can take two to three months after stopping a drug for the hair loss to end.

How Is Drug-Induced Hair Loss Treated?

It’s important to review any medications you take, and discuss their potential side effects with your doctor and pharmacist. When hair loss does occur from a drug you’re taking, there is a good chance that the hair will grow back on its own after you stop taking the medication. If stopping the drug does not improve hair thinning, you may need to be treated with finasteride (Propecia) or minoxidil (Rogaine), medications that slow hair loss and can stimulate new hair growth.

One technique may help prevent hair loss during chemotherapy. It’s called scalp hypothermia, and it involves placing ice packs on the scalp a few minutes before — and for about a half-hour after — chemotherapy treatment. Cooling the scalp reduces blood flow to the hair follicles, making it harder for the chemotherapy drugs to get into the follicular cells. Cooling also reduces biochemical activity, making the hair follicles less susceptible to damage from chemotherapy drugs. One concern with this technique is the risk of cancer recurrence in the scalp.

After chemotherapy treatment, the hair usually grows back in very quickly, but it may change in texture. In rare cases, the hair will stay thin even after treatment has been stopped. Minoxidil can help regrow hair that is slow to return. Some chemotherapy patients wear a wig or hat to hide their hair loss until their hair grows back.

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