Makanan hindari lemak

Bahan makanan dan makanan yang tersenarai dalam artikel di bawah ini telah dikenalpasti oleh pakar pemakanan sebagai makanan yang boleh melawan pengumpulan lemak dalam badan. Bagi sesiapa yang sangat mementingkan kesihatan dan menjaga pemakanan, maklumat ini boleh dijadikan sebagai panduan yang berguna. Ingat, pelbagai penyakit berpunca daripada perut (makanan yang dimakan), dan kita sebenarnya ada kuasa memilih apa yang hendak dimakan, jangan tepuk dada tanya selera, tentu semua hendak….

Fat-Fighting Foods

Reviewed by Kathleen M. Zelman, MPH, RD, LD

Greek Yogurt

What makes Greek yogurt a delicious tool for weight loss is its protein content. It has twice as much as other yogurts. “Protein takes longer to leave the stomach,” says sports nutritionist Leslie Bonci, MPH, RD. “That keeps you satisfied longer.” As a bonus, Bonci tells WebMD, the body burns more calories digesting protein than carbs. Non-fat, low-fat, and low-sugar types keep a slim profile.

Quinoa

Quinoa (pronounced keen-wa) is a nutritional all-star that belongs in your weight loss plan. This whole grain has 8 grams of hunger-busting protein and 5 grams of fiber in one cup, plus it’s as easy to cook as rice. It’s also packed with nutrients such as iron, zinc, selenium, and vitamin E. For a quick and interesting dinner, mix in some vegetables, nuts, or lean protein.

Cinnamon

Studies suggest cinnamon may have a stabilizing effect on blood sugar levels. This could curtail appetite, particularly in people with type 2 diabetes, Bonci says. Nearly everyone can benefit from cinnamon in its traditional role. Stir some into your coffee, tea, or yogurt to add sweetness without adding calories.

Hot Peppers

Hot peppers contain a flavorless compound called capsaicin. It’s more plentiful in spicy habaneros, but also occurs in jalapeños. This compound appears to curb appetite and speed up the metabolism slightly, but only for a short time. Bonci doubts that this has a significant impact on weight loss. But, she says, people tend to eat less when their food is spicy.

Green Tea

Several studies suggest green tea may promote weight loss by stimulating the body to burn abdominal fat. Green tea contains catechins, a type of phytochemical that may briefly affect the metabolism. To get the most benefit, you may need to drink green tea several times a day. Bonci recommends taking your tea hot, because it takes longer to drink, slowing your calorie intake and providing a soothing, mindful experience.

Grapefruit

While grapefruit doesn’t have any magical fat-burning properties, it can help dieters feel full with fewer calories. Bonci attributes this to the plentiful amounts of soluble fiber, which take longer to digest. Having half a grapefruit or a glass of grapefruit juice before a meal may help fill you up, so you eat fewer calories during the meal.

Watermelon

Foods that are high in water content take up more room in the gut, Bonci says. This signals the body that you’ve had enough to eat and leaves less room for other foods. Many raw fruits and vegetables are chock-full of water and nutrients, but low in calories. Watermelon is a great example. It’s a rich source of the antioxidant lycopene and adds some vitamins A and C to your day, too.

Pears and Apples

Pears and apples are also high in water content. Eat them with the peels for extra fiber, which will keep you full longer. Bonci recommends whole fruits rather than fruit juice. Not only do you get more fiber, you have to chew the fruits. This takes longer and requires some exertion. You actually burn a few calories chewing, as opposed to gulping down a smoothie.

Grapes vs. Raisins

The value of water content becomes clear when you look at two cups of grapes vs. ¼ cup of raisins. Either choice has a little more than 100 calories, but the larger portion of grapes is likely to feel more satisfying. Still, Bonci says, dried fruit has an interesting texture. When used sparingly, a few raisins or dried cranberries can make a salad more appealing.

Berries

Like other fruits, berries are high in water and fiber, which can keep you full longer. But they have another benefit — they’re very sweet. This means berries can satisfy your sweet tooth for a fraction of the calories you would take in gobbling cookies or brownies. Blueberries stand out because they’re easy to find and loaded with antioxidants.

Raw Vegetables

Raw vegetables make an outstanding snack. They satisfy the desire to crunch, they’re full of water to help you feel full, and they’re low in calories. Half a cup of diced celery has just eight calories. Bonci suggests coating celery with a little peanut butter or dunking carrots in salsa. When you’re in the mood for chips and dip, try replacing the chips with raw veggies.

Sweet Potatoes

Think of the typical toppings on your baked potato — butter, sour cream, maybe cheese and bacon bits. If you substitute a sweet potato, you might not need any of that. Baked sweet potatoes are so full of flavor, they require very little embellishment. This can save you loads of calories. As a bonus, sweet potatoes are packed with potassium, beta carotene, vitamin C, and fiber.

Eggs

Studies suggest eating protein in the morning will keep your hunger at bay longer than eating a bagel or other carbs. One egg has only 75 calories but packs 7 grams of high-quality protein, along with other vital nutrients. Bonci adds that your body will burn more calories digesting eggs than a carb-heavy breakfast. If you have high cholesterol, check with your doctor about how many eggs you can eat per week.

Coffee

It sounds too good to be true — one of your favorite beverages may actually help rev the metabolism and help you lose weight. Bonci says coffee does stimulate the metabolism — a little. She cautions that the effect is small and is easily cancelled out by the extra calories in a mocha cappuccino.

Oatmeal

Oatmeal has three things going for it: fiber-rich whole-grain oats, lots of water, and it’s hot. Bonci says this is a very filling combination. Hot food takes longer to eat, and all that liquid and fiber will help you feel full longer. “Don’t buy the one that’s already sweetened,” Bonci says. “You can choose how to flavor it.” Stirring in cinnamon or nutmeg will give you a sweet taste with less sugar.

Crispbreads

Whole-grain rye crackers, sometimes called crispbreads, offer a low-fat, fiber-packed alternative to traditional crackers. Research suggests people who replace refined grains with whole grains tend to have less belly fat. Whole grains also provide a richer assortment of plant nutrients. This doesn’t just apply to crackers. You can get the same benefits by switching to whole-grain breads, cereals, and pastas.

Tabouli

A standout whole grain is bulgur wheat, the type found in tabouli. It’s high in fiber and protein, but low in fat and calories. That helps you fill up with a minimum of calories. Bonci adds that the rich taste makes it satisfying. “It’s flavorful, so you don’t need to add a lot of oil,” she says. To turn this dish into a meal, she suggests adding beans and stirring in extra tomato, cucumber, and parsley.

Soup

Soup — we’re talking broth-based, not creamy — is a dieter’s friend in several ways. It’s full of water, which fills you up with the fewest possible calories. It’s hot, which prevents you from guzzling it down too quickly. When eaten before a meal, soup can take up space that might have gone to higher calorie foods. You can also make a satisfying, low-calorie meal out of soup alone by adding chicken, fish, cut-up vegetables, or beans.

Salad

Another way to fill up before a meal is by eating salad. Lettuce has plenty of water content to take up space in the stomach. That leaves less room for fattier foods that might come later in the meal. Make your salad interesting by adding a variety of fruits and vegetables or grated cheese. But be careful about dressing, which can add a lot of calories. Bonci recommends using salsa, hummus, or black bean dip as dressing.

Vinegar

If you dress your salad with oil and vinegar, you may get another fat-fighting benefit. More research is needed, but some studies suggest vinegar may help the body break down fat. Whether or not this effect pans out, Bonci says vinegar is a good choice. It’s full of flavor that can make salad more satisfying — and it has no calories.

Nuts

Nuts are an excellent way to curb hunger between meals. They’re high in protein, fiber, and heart-healthy fats. Studies suggest nuts can promote weight loss and improve cholesterol levels when eaten in moderation. The key is to “be careful with quantity,” Bonci tells WebMD. “Choose something in a shell, so you have to work harder and slow down.”

Air-Popped Popcorn

Three cups of plain, air-popped popcorn may seem like a whole lot, but the calorie content is low. All that air adds volume without adding fat or sugar. “When people are looking to snack, they don’t stop at 10 potato chips,” Bonci says. They want to have their fill, and a big bowl of popcorn delivers. “It’s visually satisfying, plus it takes time to eat.”

Skim Milk

Skim milk provides plenty of protein and calcium with none of the fat found in whole milk. And even though it’s fat-free, skim milk can help you feel full. It takes longer to leave the stomach than drinks with less protein, Bonci says. There’s also evidence that skim milk and other nonfat dairy foods may promote weight loss, particularly around the mid-section. More research is needed to confirm this effect.

Lean Meat

As we’ve seen, protein can keep you full longer and burn more calories during digestion. But you want to choose your protein carefully. Dark meat tends to be high in fat, which could cancel out some of the benefits. Skinless chicken breast is a great choice. And some cuts of beef can make the grade. Flank steak, eye of round, and top sirloin are extra-lean with less than 4 grams of saturated fat per serving. Just stick with a 3- to 4-ounce portion.

Fish

One of the best sources of protein is fish. Studies show it’s more satisfying than chicken or beef, probably because of the type of protein it contains. Most fish is low in fat, and the exceptions usually have a healthy form of fat — omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-3’s, which are found in salmon, herring, and other fatty fish, appear to help protect against heart disease and other chronic conditions.

Beans

Beans deliver a nutritional triple punch, Bonci says. They’re a vegetable, a protein, and a great source of fiber. This means they’ll help you stay full for the price of very few calories. They’re also easy to prepare when the munchies strike. Open a can of garbanzo beans and toss them into soup or salad or mash them up to use as a dip. One cup packs 12 grams of fiber, just 4 grams of fat, and 15 grams of protein.

Source

Hadis Qudsi – 44 ~ Ganjaran solat tepat pada waktunya

Berkata ‘Aisyah r.a. bahawasanya Nabi SAW telah bersabda: Allah Taala telah berfirman:

Sesungguhnya Aku telah berjanji kepada Zat-Ku terhadap hamba-Ku bahawa apabila dia menunaikan solat tepat pada waktunya, nescaya Aku tidak akan menyiksanya, dan bahawa Aku akan memasukkannya ke dalam syurga tanpa hisab lagi.” (Riwayat Hakim)

Hindari bakteria dalam tandas awam

Tandas awam, tidak kira di mana sama ada di pejabat, restoran, hospital, stesen minyak, perpustakaan awam atau tempat-tempat awam yang lain, memang menjadi tempat pembiakan dan berkumpulnya pelbagai jenis bakteria yang bahaya kepada kepada kesihatan. Bakteria ini menjadi penyebab pelbagai infeksi penyakit, dari cirit birit sehinggalah infeksi yang lebih serius melalui luka atau sebagainya. Bakteria paling bahaya yang sering ditemui ialah E. coli yang banyak terdapat dalam najis manusia kerana ia boleh menyebabkan infeksi salur kencing dan lain-lain.

Oleh itu, sebagai langkah pencegahan cuba elakkan masuk ke tandas awam, melainkan jika terpaksa. Jika menggunakan tandas awan, Pastikan basuh tangan dengan sabun dengan bersih selepas buang air. Lebih baik bawa kertas tisu sendiri daripada menggunakan tisu dalam tandas awam kerana ditakuti kertas tisu tersebut sudah dikontaminasi oleh bakteria bahaya. Selain itu, bawa pembersih tangan (sanitizer) ke mana saja anda pergi supaya tangan sentiasa dalam keadaan bersih.

Artikel berikut adalah berkaitan…..

Bacteria Are Hard to Avoid in Public Bathrooms

Study Shows Public Restrooms Are Often Hot Spots for Infection-Causing Bacteria

By Charlene Laino
Reviewed by Laura J. Martin, MD

Frequent hand washing will keep those nasty bugs at bay, right? Not if you’re using a public bathroom. Paper dispensers, hand dryers, door handles — all the things you touch after scrubbing — are contaminated with all sorts of menacing microbes, sometimes too many to count.

“We documented extensive bacterial contamination of high‐touch environmental sites in 22 public restrooms and aircraft,” says researcher Lennox Archibald, MD, PhD, of the College of Medicine, University of Florida, in Gainesville.

Translation: Bathrooms in restaurants, resorts, hospitals, and even libraries are crawling with bugs that can cause everything from diarrhea to wound infections.

“You can go paranoid thinking about it,” Archibald tells the author.

Variety of Bacteria in Public Restrooms

There’s been virtually no research into how many bacteria, and how many different types of bacteria, lie in wait in public restrooms, he says.

So from December 2010 through February 2011, his team descended on restrooms inside four commercial aircraft and 18 public places, including a mall, a hospital, offices, a lecture hall, a conference center, department stores, restaurants, an airport, and a resort.

They swabbed and cultured what Archibald calls “high-touch” areas — faucets, paper dispenser levers, and doorknobs and handles.

The researchers hit the microorganism jackpot. They recovered staph, which can cause everything from boils to antibiotic-resistant infections. They found E. coli. They cultured Enterococcus, a fecal bug that can cause urinary tract infections and wound infections. And more.

Cultures of high‐touch sites in three hospital restrooms yielded seven bugs that are responsible for two‐thirds of hospital‐associated infections.

The findings were presented at the annual meeting of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) in Boston.

Keeping Away From Bacteria

For Archibald, one solution is to hold it in. “I only use bathrooms on very long-distance ,” he says.

For those times when you have to go, carry paper towels or tissues to protect your hands after washing, he says.

William Schaffner, MD, chair of IDSA’s immunization work group and head of preventive medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, has a more bug-friendly viewpoint.

Some bacteria boost our immune system, he tells the author.

“We don’t live in a sterile world,” Schaffner says. “You don’t want to obsess. On the other hand, you want to be hygienic,” he says.

Tip: Carry a little vial of hand sanitizer where ever you go.

findings were presented at a medical conference. They should be considered preliminary as they have not yet undergone the “peer review” process, in which outside experts scrutinize the data prior to publication in a medical journal.

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