Kesan merokok ke atas fizikal dan kesihatan

Semua orang tahu akan bahayanya merokok terhadap kesihatan sendiri seperti masalah kesihatan jantung dan paru-paru, kehamilan, penyebab kepada kanser mulut dan kanser paru-paru dan lain-lain. Kesan buruk merokok bukan sahaja dirasai oleh diri sendiri tetapi juga kepada orang sekeliling, terutamanya ahli keluarga terdekat. Malangnya, masih ramai lagi yang menjadi perokok tegar, perokok sambilan atau yang paling dibimbangi ialah remaja yang baru hendak belajar merokok. Banyak yang terjebak dengan dadah bermula dengan merokok. Sebenarnya, berbagai langkah telah dijalankan oleh pihak berkuasa, seperti kempen kesedaran kepada orang ramai betapa bahayanya merokok, dan naikkan cukai rokok supaya harga rokok menjadi lebih mahal, dsb., tapi nampaknya segala usaha ini masih kurang berkesan. Ini menunjukkan kesedaran dan penghayatan rakyat Malaysia terhadap bahaya merokok masih belum menunjang.

Hasil sampingan tembakau dalam rokoklah yang sebenarnya memberi kesan buruk ke atas penampilan fizikal dan kesihatan badan seseorang itu.

Merokok menyebabkan kulit mengalami kekurangan oksigen dan nutrien, di samping merosakkan kolagen dan elastin kulit. Ini menyebabkan kulit kelihatan lebih tua daripada sepatutnya, kulit menjadi kendur (kulit muka, bawah lengan dan dada), kulit di muka dan tangan bertompok hitam, gigi berkarat, gigi dan gusi rosak, hujung jari bekas pegang rokok menjadi berkarat, dsb.

Dari segi kesihatan, hasil sampingan tembakau dalam rokok menyebabkan kanser mulut, kanser paru-paru, sakit jantung kerana arteri yang membawa darah ke jantung semakin sempit, juga menyebabkan tekanan darah tinggi dan masalah mati pucuk. Ibu hamil yang merokok memberi kesan yang buruk terhadap anak yang dilahirkan seperti keguguran, anak lahir tidak cukup bulan, anak lahir terlalu ringan, dsb. Orang merokok juga berisiko tinggi mendapat katarak mata.

Untuk perincian, dipanjangkan artikel bergambar di bawah ini untuk dijadikan iktibar kepada semua. JAUHI ROKOK DEMI KESIHATAN LUAR DAN DALAM BADAN….

Surprising Ways Smoking Affects Your Looks and Life

Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

Which Twin Is the Smoker?

rokok1
Maybe there is no fountain of youth, but there is a surefire way to make yourself look older. Smoking changes the skin, teeth, and hair in ways that can add years to your looks. It also affects everything from your fertility to the strength of your heart, lungs, and bones. Take a look at these side-by-side photos. Can you pick out the smoker? Check your pick and get a closer look on the next slide.

Tobacco’s Tell-Tale Signs

rokok2
Twin B smoked half a pack a day for 14 years, while her sister never smoked. The loose skin under her eyes is typical for smokers, according to Bahman Guyuron, MD, of Case Western Reserve University. It’s one of several visible signs — shown on the following slides — that tobacco byproducts inside your body are harming your appearance. Twin B also got more sun, damaging her skin from the outside, too.

Poor Skin Tone

rokok3
Smoking chronically deprives the skin of oxygen and nutrients. So some smokers appear pale, while others develop uneven coloring. These changes can begin at a young age, according to dermatologist Jonette Keri, MD, of the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine. “In young nonsmokers, we don’t usually see a lot of uneven skin tone,” Keri says. “But this develops more quickly in people who smoke.”

Sagging Skin

rokok4
There are more than 4,000 chemicals in tobacco smoke, and many of them trigger the destruction of collagen and elastin. These are the fibers that give your skin its strength and elasticity. Smoking or even being around secondhand smoke “degrades the building blocks of the skin,” Keri says. The consequences include sagging skin and deeper wrinkles.

Sagging Arms and Breasts

rokok5
Smoking doesn’t only damage the appearance of your face, it can also take a toll on your figure. As skin loses its elasticity, parts that were once firm may begin to droop. This includes the inner arms and breasts. Researchers have identified smoking as a top cause of sagging breasts.

Lines Around the Lips

rokok6
Smoking delivers a one-two punch to the area around your mouth. First, you have the smoker’s pucker. “Smokers use certain muscles around their lips that cause them to have dynamic wrinkles that nonsmokers do not,” Keri says. Second, you have the loss of elasticity. Together, these factors can lead to deep lines around the lips.

Age Spots

rokok7
Age spots are blotches of darker skin color that are common on the face and hands. While anyone can develop these spots from spending too much time in the sun, research suggests smokers are more susceptible.
In this image, the twin on the right spent decades smoking and sunbathing, while her sister did not.

Damaged Teeth and Gums

rokok8
Yellow teeth are one of the most notorious effects of long-term smoking, but the dental damage doesn’t stop there. People who smoke tend to develop gum disease, persistent bad breath, and other oral hygiene problems. Smokers are twice as likely to lose teeth as nonsmokers.

Stained Fingers

rokok9
Think your hand looks sexy with a cigarette perched between your fingers? If you’ve been smoking for awhile, take a good look at your fingernails and the skin of your hands. Tobacco can actually stain the skin and nails, as well as the teeth. The good news is these stains tend to fade when you quit smoking.

Hair Loss

rokok10
Both men and women tend to develop thinner hair as they age, and smoking can accelerate this process. Some studies even suggest people who smoke are more likely to go bald. Researchers in Taiwan have identified smoking as a clear risk factor for male-pattern baldness in Asian men.

Cataracts

rokok11
Even the eyes are vulnerable to tobacco’s reach. Smoking makes you more likely to develop cataracts as you age. These are cloudy areas on the lens of the eye that keep light from reaching the retina. If they cause serious vision problems, they are treated with surgery.

Psoriasis

rokok12
Psoriasis is a chronic condition that most often causes thick, scaly patches on the skin — usually on the knees, elbows, scalp, hands, feet, or back. The patches may be white, red, or silver. Recent studies suggest smokers have a greater risk of developing psoriasis.

Crow’s Feet Eye Wrinkles

rokok13
Everyone gets wrinkles on the outside of the eyes eventually, but these wrinkles develop earlier and go deeper among smokers. Heat from burning cigarettes and squinting to keep smoke out of your eyes contribute to visible crow’s feet. Meanwhile, chemicals from inhaled tobacco cause internal damage to the skin structures and blood vessels around your eyes.

How Quitting Improves Your Looks

rokok14
Quitting smoking can improve your appearance. As blood flow gets better, your skin receives more oxygen and nutrients. This can help you develop a healthier complexion. If you stay tobacco-free, the stains on your fingers and nails will disappear. You may even notice your teeth getting whiter.

Combating Skin Damage: Creams

rokok15
When you quit smoking, you make your skin more resistant to premature aging. As for the wrinkles and age spots you already have, all is not lost. Keri, the University of Miami dermatologist, says there are products former smokers can use to make their skin look better. These include topical retinoids and antioxidants, such as vitamins C and E. She also recommends wearing sunscreen every day.

Combating Skin Damage: Procedures

rokok16
For more dramatic results, some former smokers choose to have cosmetic procedures. Laser skin resurfacing and chemical peels remove outer layers of skin, where the damage is most visible. “Reward yourself with a couple of skin treatments,” Keri suggests. “When you see the benefits of better-looking skin, you may be motivated to stay nicotine-free.”

Brittle Bones

rokok17
Everyone knows the lungs take a beating from smoking, but research has pinpointed additional, surprising ways that tobacco affects the body, starting with your bones. Smoking raises your risk of developing weakened bones, or osteoporosis. This condition increases your risk for bone fractures including those of the spine, causing it to curve and leaving you hunched over.

Heart Disease and ED

rokok18
Smoking affects nearly every organ in the body, including the heart. In people who smoke, the arteries that carry blood to the heart become narrowed over time. Smoking also increases blood pressure and makes it easier for blood to clot. These factors raise the odds of having a heart attack. In men who smoke, reduced blood flow can lead to erectile dysfunction.

Reduced Athletic Ability

rokok19
Smoking’s impact on the heart and lungs can add up to a significant disadvantage on the track or field. Smokers tend to have a more rapid heart rate, poorer circulation, and more shortness of breath — not helpful qualities in an athlete. Whatever your favorite sport, one way to enhance your performance is to quit smoking.

Reproductive Problems

rokok20
Women who smoke have a tougher time getting pregnant and giving birth to a healthy baby. Cigarettes have been linked to fertility problems. And smoking during pregnancy raises the odds of having a miscarriage, premature birth, or delivering a low-birth-weight infant.

Early Menopause

rokok21
It’s something all women have in common: menopause, the phase when female hormones decline and the menstrual cycle stops for good. Most women experience this change around age 50. But smokers reach menopause an average of 1 1/2 years earlier than women who don’t smoke. The effect is strongest in women who have smoked heavily for many years.

Oral Cancer

rokok22
Compared to nonsmokers, people who smoke or use smokeless tobacco products are more likely to develop oral cancer. Smokers who are also heavy drinkers are 15 times more likely to develop this form of cancer. The most common symptoms include a sore patch on the tongue, lips, gums, or other area inside the mouth that doesn’t go away and may be painful. Quitting smoking lowers the risk for oral cancer substantially within a few years.

Lung Cancer

rokok23
Lung cancer is the top cancer killer of men and women in the U.S. Of those who die from the disease, 9 out of 10 deaths are due to smoking. Cigarettes can also damage the lungs in other ways, making people more vulnerable to breathing problems and dangerous infections like pneumonia.

How Quitting Improves Your Health

rokok24
In just 20 minutes, blood pressure and heart rate return to normal. Within 24 hours, your heart attack risk begins falling. In the first weeks after quitting, tiny cilia (seen here) start back to work sweeping irritants out of the lungs. Within a year, your risk of developing heart disease drops to half that of people who still smoke. And after 10 smoke-free years, you’re no more likely to die of lung cancer than someone who never smoked.

Cigarette Stench

rokok25
Quitting eliminates the pervasive smell of cigarettes on your breath and in your hair and clothes. This is unattractive to nonsmokers and carries health hazards, too. The odor means that the people around you are exposed to tobacco toxins, sometimes called “third-hand smoke.” These toxins can be especially harmful to small children.

Can You Quit?

rokok26
Experts agree that giving up cigarettes is very difficult. But if you’re telling yourself it’s impossible, think again. While there are 45 million smokers in the U.S., there are at least 48 million former smokers. If 48 million people could quit, it is doable. Just keep in mind that most people have to try more than once, and only 4%-7% succeed without help. Ask your doctor which smoking-cessation strategies might be right for you.

Sumber

One Response

  1. memang bagus, siap ada artikel orang putih sekali

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: